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22 May 1859, Edinburgh M.D., Kt, D.L., LL.D., Sportsman, Writer, Poet, Politician, Justicer, Spiritualist Crowborough, 7 July 1930

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The Case-Book of Sherlock Holmes
The Illustrious Client


1 'It can't hurt now,' was Mr Sherlock Holmes's comment when, for the tenth time in as many years, I asked his leave to reveal the following narrative. 2 So it was that at last I obtained permission to put on record what was, in some ways, the supreme moment of my friend's career.
3 Both Holmes and I had a weakness for the Turkish Bath. 4 It was over a smoke in the pleasant lassitude of the dryingroom that I found him less reticent and more human than anywhere else. 5 On the upper floor of the Northumberland Avenue establishment there is an isolated corner where two couches lie side by side, and it was on these that we lay upon September 3, 1902, the day when my narrative begins. 6 I had asked him whether anything was stirring, and for answer he had shot his long, thin, nervous arm out of the sheets which enveloped him and had drawn an envelope from the inside pocket of the coat which hung beside him.
7 'It may be some fussy, self-important fool, it may be a matter of life or death,' said he, as he handed me the note. 8 'I know no more than this message tells me.'
9 It was from the Carlton Club, and dated the evening before. 10 This is what I read:
11 Sir James Damery presents his compliments to Mr Sherlock Holmes, and will call upon him at 4.30 to-morrow. 12 Sir James begs to say that the matter upon which he desires to consult Mr Holmes is very delicate, and also very important. 13 He trusts, therefore, that Mr Holmes will make every effort to grant this interview, and that he will confirm it over the telephone to the Carlton Club.
14 'I need not say that I have confirmed it, Watson,' said Holmes, as I returned the paper. 15 'Do you know anything of this man Damery?'
16 'Only that his name is a household word in Society.'
17 'Well, I can tell you a little more than that. 18 He has rather a reputation for arranging delicate matters which are to be kept out of the papers. 19 You may remember his negotiations with Sir George Lewis over the Hammerford Will case. 20 He is a man of the world with a natural turn for diplomacy. 21 I am bound, therefore, to hope that it is not a false scent and that he has some real need for our assistance.'
22 'Our?'
23 'Well, if you will be so good, Watson.'
24 'I shall be honoured.'
25 'Then you have the hour - four-thirty. 26 Until then we can put the matter out of our heads.'
27 I was living in my own rooms in Queen Anne Street at the time, but I was round at Baker Street before the time named. 28 Sharp to the half-hour, Colonel Sir James Damery was announced. 29 It is hardly necessary to describe him, for many will remember that large, bluff, honest personality, that broad, clean-shaven face, above all, that pleasant, mellow voice. 30 Frankness shone from his grey Irish eyes, and good humour played round his mobile, smiling lips. 31 His lucent top-hat, his dark frock-coat, indeed, every detail, from the pearl pin in the black satin cravat to the lavender spats over the varnished shoes, spoke of the meticulous care in dress for which he was famous. 32 The big, masterful aristocrat dominated the little room.
33 'Of course, I was prepared to find Dr Watson,' he remarked, with a courteous bow. 34 'His collaboration may be very necessary, for we are dealing on this occasion, Mr Holmes, with a man to whom violence is familiar and who will, literally, stick at nothing. 35 I should say that there is no more dangerous man in Europe.'
36 'I have had several opponents to whom that flattering term has been applied,' said Holmes, with a smile. 37 'Don't you smoke? 38 Then you will excuse me if I light my pipe. 39 If your man is more dangerous than the late Professor Moriarty, or than the living Colonel Sebastian Moran, then he is indeed worth meeting. 40 May I ask his name?'
41 'Have you ever heard of Baron Gruner?'
42 'You mean the Austrian murderer?'
43 Colonel Damery threw up his kid-gloved hands with a laugh. 44 'There is no getting past you, Mr Holmes! 45 Wonderful! 46 So you have already sized him up as a murderer?'
47 'It is my business to follow the details of Continental crime. 48 Who could possibly have read what happened at Prague and have any doubts as to the man's guilt! 49 It was a purely technical legal point and the suspicious death of a witness that saved him! 50 I am as sure that he killed his wife when the so-called "accident" happened in the Splügen Pass as if I had seen him do it. 51 I knew, also, that he had come to England, and had a presentiment that sooner or later he would find me some work to do. 52 Well, what has Baron Gruner been up to? 53 I presume it is not this old tragedy which has come up again?'
54 'No, it is more serious than that. 55 To revenge crime is important, but to prevent it is more so. 56 It is a terrible thing, Mr Holmes, to see a dreadful event, an atrocious situation, preparing itself before your eyes, to clearly understand whither it will lead, and yet to be utterly unable to avert it. 57 Can a human being be placed in a more trying position?'
58 'Perhaps not.'
59 'Then you will sympathize with the client in whose interests I am acting.'
60 'I did not understand that you were merely an intermediary. 61 Who is the principal?'
62 'Mr Holmes, I must beg you not to press that question. 63 It is important that I should be able to assure him that his honoured name has been in no way dragged into the matter. 64 His motives are, to the last degree, honourable and chivalrous, but he prefers to remain unknown. 65 I need not say that your fees will be assured and that you will be given a perfectly free hand. 66 Surely the actual name of your client is immaterial?'
67 'I am sorry,' said Holmes. 68 'I am accustomed to have mystery at one end of my cases, but to have it at both ends is too confusing. 69 I fear, Sir James, that I must decline to act.'
70 Our visitor was greatly disturbed. 71 His large, sensitive face was darkened with emotion and disappointment.
72 'You hardly realize the effect of your own action, Mr Holmes,' said he. 73 'You place me in a most serious dilemma, for I am perfectly certain that you would be proud to take over the case if I could give you the facts, and yet a promise forbids me from revealing them all. 74 May I, at least, lay all that I can before you?'
75 'By all means, so long as it is understood that I commit myself to nothing.'
76 'That is understood. 77 In the first place, you have no doubt heard of General de Merville?'
78 'De Merville of Khyber fame? 79 Yes, I have heard of him.'
80 'He has a daughter, Violet de Merville, young, rich, beautiful, accomplished, a wonder-woman in every way. 81 It is this daughter, this lovely, innocent girl, whom we are endeavouring to save from the clutches of a fiend.'
82 'Baron Gruner has some hold over her, then?'
83 'The strongest of all holds where a woman is concerned-the hold of love. 84 The fellow is, as you may have heard, extraordinarily handsome, with a most fascinating manner, a gentle voice, and that air of romance and mystery which means so much to a woman. 85 He is said to have the whole sex at his mercy and to have made ample use of the fact.'
86 'But how came such a man to meet a lady of the standing of Miss Violet de Merville?'
87 'It was on a Mediterranean yachting voyage. 88 The company, though select, paid their own passages. 89 No doubt the promoters hardly realized the Baron's true character until it was too late. 90 The villain attached himself to the lady, and with such effect that he has completely and absolutely won her heart. 91 To say that she loves him hardly expresses it. 92 She dotes upon him, she is obsessed by him. 93 Outside of him there is nothing on earth. 94 She will not hear one word against him. 95 Everything has been done to cure her of her madness, but in vain. 96 To sum up, she proposes to marry him next month. 97 As she is of age and has a will of iron, it is hard to know how to prevent her.'
98 'Does she know about the Austrian episode?'
99 'The cunning devil has told her every unsavoury public scandal of his past life, but always in such a way as to make himself out to be an innocent martyr. 100 She absolutely accepts his version and will listen to no other.'
101 'Dear me! 102 But surely you have inadvertently let out the name of your client? 103 It is no doubt General de Merville.'
104 Our visitor fidgeted in his chair.
105 'I could deceive you by saying so, Mr Holmes, but it would not be true. 106 De Merville is a broken man. 107 The strong soldier has been utterly demoralized by this incident. 108 He has lost the nerve which never failed him on the battlefield and has become a weak, doddering old man, utterly incapable of contending with a brilliant, forceful rascal like this Austrian. 109 My client, however, is an old friend, one who has known the General intimately for many years and taken a paternal interest in this young girl since she wore short frocks. 110 He cannot see this tragedy consummated without some attempt to stop it. 111 There is nothing in which Scotland Yard can act. 112 It was his own suggestion that you should be called in, but it was, as I have said, on the express stipulation that he should not be personally involved in the matter. 113 I have no doubt, Mr Holmes, with your great powers you could easily trace my client back through me, but I must ask you, as a point of honour, to refrain from doing so, and not to break in upon his incognito.'
114 Holmes gave a whimsical smile.
115 'I think I may safely promise that,' said he. 116 'I may add that your problem interests me, and that I shall be prepared to look into it. 117 How shall I keep in touch with you?'
118 'The Carlton Club will find me. 119 But, in case of emergency, there is a private telephone call, "XX.31."'
120 Holmes noted it down and sat, still smiling, with the open memorandum-book upon his knee.
121 'The Baron's present address, please?'
122 'Vernon Lodge, near Kingston. 123 It is a large house. 124 He has been fortunate in some rather shady speculations and is a rich man, which, naturally, makes him a more dangerous antagonist.'
125 'Is he at home at present?'
126 'Yes.'
127 'Apart from what you have told me, can you give me any further information about the man?'
128 'He has expensive tastes. 129 He is a horse fancier. 130 For a short time he played polo at Hurlingham, but then this Prague affair got noised about and he had to leave. 131 He collects books and pictures. 132 He is a man with a considerable artistic side to his nature. 133 He is, I believe, a recognized authority upon Chinese pottery, and has written a book upon the subject.'
134 'A complex mind,' said Holmes. 135 'All great criminals have that. 136 My old friend Charlie Peace was a violin virtuoso. 137 Wainwright was no mean artist. 138 I could quote many more. 139 Well, Sir James, you will inform your client that I am turning my mind upon Baron Gruner. 140 I can say no more. 141 I have some sources of information of my own, and I dare say we may find some means of opening the matter up.'
142 When our visitor had left us, Holmes sat so long in deep thought that it seemed to me that he had forgotten my presence. 143 At last, however, he came briskly back to earth.
144 'Well, Watson, any views?' he asked.
145 'I should think you had better see the young lady herself.'
146 'My dear Watson, if her poor old broken father cannot move her, how shall I, a stranger, prevail? 147 And yet there is something in the suggestion if all else fails. 148 But I think we must begin from a different angle. 149 I rather fancy that Shinwell Johnson might be a help.'
150 I have not had occasion to mention Shinwell Johnson in these memoirs because I have seldom drawn my cases from the latter phases of my friend's career. 151 During the first years of the century he became a valuable assistant. 152 Johnson, I grieve to say, made his name first as a very dangerous villain and served two terms at Parkhurst. 153 Finally, he repented and allied himself to Holmes, acting as his agent in the huge criminal underworld of London, and obtaining information which often proved to be of vital importance. 154 Had Johnson been a 'nark' of the police he would soon have been exposed, but as he dealt with cases which never came directly into the courts, his activities were never realized by his companions. 155 With the glamour of his two convictions upon him, he had the entrée of every night-club, doss-house, and gambling-den in the town, and his quick observation and active brain made him an ideal agent for gaining information. 156 It was to him that Sherlock Holmes now proposed to turn.
157 It was not possible for me to follow the immediate steps taken by my friend, for I had some pressing professional business of my own, but I met him by appointment that evening at Simpson's, where, sitting at a small table in the front window, and looking down at the rushing stream of life in the Strand, he told me something of what had passed.
158 'Johnson is on the prowl,' said he. 159 'He may pick up some garbage in the darker recesses of the underworld, for it is down there, amid the black roots of crime, that we must hunt for this man's secrets.'
160 'But, if the lady will not accept what is already known, why should any fresh discovery of yours turn her from her purpose?'
161 'Who knows, Watson? 162 Woman's heart and mind are insoluble puzzles to the male. 163 Murder might be condoned or explained, and yet some smaller offence might rankle. 164 Baron Gruner remarked to me-'
165 'He remarked to you!'
166 'Oh, to be sure, I had not told you of my plans! 167 Well, Watson, I love to come to close grips with my man. 168 I like to meet him eye to eye and read for myself the stuff that he is made of. 169 When I had given Johnson his instructions, I took a cab out to Kingston and found the Baron in a most affable mood.'
170 'Did he recognize you?'
171 'There was no difficulty about that, for I simply sent in my card. 172 He is an excellent antagonist, cool as ice, silky voiced and soothing as one of your fashionable consultants, and poisonous as a cobra. 173 He has breed in him, a real aristocrat of crime, with a superficial suggestion of afternoontea and all the cruelty of the grave behind it. 174 Yes, I am glad to have had my attention called to Baron Adelbert Gruner.'
175 'You say he was affable?'
176 'A purring cat who thinks he sees prospective mice. 177 Some people's affability is more deadly than the violence of coarser souls. 178 His greeting was characteristic. 179 "I rather thought I should see you sooner or later, Mr Holmes," said he. 180 "You have been engaged, no doubt, by General de Merville to endeavour to stop my marriage with his daughter, Violet. 181 That is so, is it not?"
182 'I acquiesced.
183 '"My dear man," said he, "you will only ruin your own well-deserved reputation. 184 It is not a case in which you can possibly succeed. 185 You will have barren work, to say nothing of incurring some danger. 186 Let me very strongly advise you to draw off at once."
187 '"It is curious," I answered, "but that was the very advice which I had intended to give you. 188 I have a respect for your brains, Baron, and the little which I have seen of your personality has not lessened it. 189 Let me put it to you as man to man. 190 No one wants to rake up your past and make you unduly uncomfortable. 191 It is over, and you are now in smooth waters, but if you persist in this marriage you will raise up a swarm of powerful enemies who will never leave you alone until they have made England too hot to hold you. 192 Is the game worth it? 193 Surely you would be wiser if you left the lady alone. 194 It would not be pleasant for you if these facts of your past were brought to her notice."
195 'The Baron has little waxed tips of hair under his nose, like the short antennae of an insect. 196 These quivered with amusement as he listened, and he finally broke into a gentle chuckle.
197 '"Excuse my amusement, Mr Holmes," said he, "but it is really funny to see you trying to play a hand with no cards in it. 198 I don't think anyone could do it better, but it is rather pathetic, all the same. 199 Not a colour card there, Mr Holmes, nothing but the smallest of the small."
200 '"So you think."
201 '"So I know. 202 Let me make the thing clear to you, for my own hand is so strong that I can afford to show it. 203 I have been fortunate enough to win the entire affection of this lady. 204 This was given to me in spite of the fact that I told her very clearly of all the unhappy incidents in my past life. 205 I also told her that certain wicked and designing persons - I hope you recognize yourself - would come to her and tell her these things, and I warned her how to treat them. 206 You have heard of post-hypnotic suggestion, Mr Holmes? 207 Well, you will see how it works, for a man of personality can use hypnotism without any vulgar passes or tomfoolery. 208 So she is ready for you and, I have no doubt, would give you an appointment, for she is quite amenable to her father's will - save only in the one little matter."
209 'Well, Watson, there seemed to be no more to say, so I took my leave with as much cold dignity as I could summon, but, as I had my hand on the door-handle, he stopped me. 210 "By the way, Mr Holmes," said he, "did you know Le Brun, the French agent?"
211 '"Yes," said I.
212 '"Do you know what befell him?"
213 '"I heard that he was beaten by some Apaches in the Montmartre district and crippled for life."
214 '"Quite true, Mr Holmes. 215 By a curious coincidence he had been inquiring into my affairs only a week before. 216 Don't do it, Mr Holmes, it's not a lucky thing to do. 217 Several have found that out. 218 My last word to you is, go your own way and let me go mine. 219 Good-bye!"
220 'So there you are, Watson. 221 You are up to date now.'
222 'The fellow seems dangerous.'
223 'Mighty dangerous. 224 I disregard the blusterer, but this is the sort of man who says rather less than he means.'
225 'Must you interfere? 226 Does it really matter if he marries the girl?'
227 'Considering that he undoubtedly murdered his last wife, I should say it mattered very much. 228 Besides, the client! 229 Well, well, we need not discuss that. 230 When you have finished your coffee you had best come home with me, for the blithe Shinwell will be there with his report.'
231 We found him sure enough, a huge, coarse, red-faced, scorbutic man, with a pair of vivid black eyes which were the only external sign of the very cunning mind within. 232 It seems that he had dived down into what was peculiarly his kingdom, and beside him on the settee was a brand which he had brought up in the shape of a slim, flame-like young woman with a pale, intense face, youthful, and yet so worn with sin and sorrow that one read the terrible years which had left their leprous mark upon her.
233 'This is Miss Kitty Winter,' said Shinwell Johnson, waving his fat hand as an introduction. 234 'What she don't know-well, there, she'll speak for herself. 235 Put my hand right on her, Mr Holmes, within an hour of your message.'
236 'I'm easy to find,' said the young woman. 237 'Hell, London, gets me every time. 238 Same address for Porky Shinwell. 239 We're old mates, Porky, you' and I. 240 But, by Cripes! 241 there is another who ought to be down in a lower hell than we if there was any justice in the world! 242 That is the man you are after, Mr Holmes.'
243 Holmes smiled. 244 'I gather we have your good wishes, Miss Winter.'
245 'If I can help to put him where he belongs, I'm yours to the rattle,' said our visitor, with fierce energy. 246 There was an intensity of hatred in her white, set face and her blazing eyes such as woman seldom and man never can attain. 247 'You needn't go into my past, Mr Holmes. 248 That's neither here nor there. 249 But what I am Adelbert Gruner made me. 250 If I could pull him down!' 251 She clutched frantically with her hands into the air. 252 'Oh, if I could pull him into the pit where he had pushed so many!'
253 'You know how the matter stands?'
254 'Porky Shinwell has been telling me. 255 He's after some other poor fool and wants to marry her this time. 256 You want to stop it. 257 Well, you surely know enough about this devil to prevent any decent girt in her senses wanting to be in the same parish with him.'
258 'She is not in her senses. 259 She is madly in love. 260 She has been told all about him. 261 She cares nothing.'
262 'Told about the murder?'
263 'Yes.'
264 'My Lord, she must have a nerve!'
265 'She puts them all down as slanders.'
266 'Couldn't you lay proofs before her silly eyes?'
267 'Well, can you help us do so?'
268 'Ain't I a proof myself? 269 If I stood before her and told her how he used me-'
270 'Would you do this?'
271 'Would I? 272 Would I nod?'
273 'Well, it might be worth trying. 274 But he has told her most of his sins and had pardon from her, and I understand she will not reopen the question.'
275 'I'll lay he didn't tell her all,' said Miss Winter. 276 'I caught a glimpse of one or two murders besides the one that made such a fuss. 277 He would speak of someone in his velvet way and then look at me with a steady eye and say: 278 "He died within a month." 279 It wasn't hot air, either. 280 But I took little notice - you see, I loved him myself at that time. 281 Whatever he did went with me, same as with this poor fool! 282 There was just one thing that shook me. 283 Yes, by Cripes! 284 if it had not been for his poisonous, lying tongue that explains and soothes, I'd have left him that very night. 285 It's a book he has - a brown leather book with a lock, and his arms in gold on the outside. 286 I think he was a bit drunk that night, or he would not have shown it to me.'
287 'What was it, then?'
288 'I tell you, Mr Holmes, this man collects women, and takes a pride in his collection, as some men collect moths or butterflies. 289 He had it all in that book. 290 Snapshot photographs, names, details, everything about them. 291 It was a beastly book - a book no man, even if he had come from the gutter, could have put together. 292 But it was Adelbert Gruner's book all the same. 293 "Souls I have ruined." 294 He could have put that on the outside if he had been so minded. 295 However, that's neither here nor there, for the book would not serve you, and, if it would, you can't get it.'
296 'Where is it?'
297 'How can I tell you where it is now? 298 It's more than a year since I left him. 299 I know where he kept it then. 300 He's a precise, tidy cat of a man in many of his ways, so maybe it is still in the pigeon-hole of the old bureau in the inner study. 301 Do you know his house?'
302 'I've been in the study,' said Holmes.
303 'Have you, though? 304 You haven't been slow on the job if you only started this morning. 305 Maybe dear Adelbert has met his match this time. 306 The outer study is the one with the Chinese crockery in it - big glass cupboard between the windows. 307 Then behind his desk is the door that leads to the inner study - a small room where he keeps papers and things.'
308 'Is he not afraid of burglars?'
309 'Adelbert is no coward. 310 His worst enemy couldn't say that of him. 311 He can look after himself. 312 There's a burglar alarm at night. 313 Besides, what is there for a burglar - unless they got away with all this fancy crockery?'
314 'No good,' said Shinwell Johnson, with the decided voice of the expert. 315 'No fence wants stuff of that sort that you can neither melt nor sell.'
316 'Quite so,' said Holmes. 317 'Well, now, Miss Winter, if you would call here to-morrow evening at five, I would consider in the meanwhile whether your suggestion of seeing this lady personally may not be arranged. 318 I am exceedingly obliged to you for your co-operation. 319 I need not say that my clients will consider liberally-'
320 'None of that, Mr Holmes,' cried the young woman. 321 'I am not out for money. 322 Let me see this man in the mud, and I've got all I worked for - in the mud with my foot on his cursed face. 323 That's my price. 324 I'm with you tomorrow or any other day so long as you are on his track. 325 Porky here can tell you always where to find me.'
326 I did not see Holmes again until the following evening, when we dined once more at our Strand restaurant. 327 He shrugged his shoulders when I asked him what luck he had had in his interview. 328 Then he told the story, which I would repeat in this way. 329 His hard, dry statement needs some little editing to soften it into the terms of real life.
330 'There was no difficulty at all about the appointment,' said Holmes, 'for the girl glories in showing abject filial obedience in all secondary things in an attempt to atone for her flagrant breach of it in her engagement. 331 The General 'phoned that all was ready, and the fiery Miss W. turned up according to schedule, so that at half-past five a cab deposited us outside 104 Berkeley Square, where the old soldier resides - one of those awful grey London castles which would make a church seem frivolous. 332 A footman showed us into a great yellow-curtained drawing-room, and there was the lady awaiting us, demure, pale, self-contained, as inflexible and remote as a snow image on a mountain.
333 'I don't know quite how to make her clear to you, Watson. 334 Perhaps you may meet her before we are through, and you can use your own gift of words. 335 She is beautiful, but with the ethereal other-world beauty of some fanatic whose thoughts are set on high. 336 I have seen such faces in the pictures of the old masters of the Middle Ages. 337 How a beast-man could have laid his vile paws upon such a being of the beyond I cannot imagine. 338 You may have noticed how extremes call to each other, the spiritual to the animal, the cave-man to the angel. 339 You never saw a worse case than this.
340 'She knew what we had come for, of course - that villain had lost no time in poisoning her mind against us. 341 Miss Winter's advent rather amazed her, I think, but she waved us into our respective chairs like a Reverend Abbess receiving two rather leprous mendicants. 342 If your head is inclined to swell, my dear Watson, take a course of Miss Violet de Merville.
343 '"I Well, sir," said she, in a voice like the wind from an iceberg, "your name is familiar to me. 344 You have called, as I understand, to malign my fiancé, Baron Gruner. 345 It is only by my father's request that I see you at all, and I warn you in advance that anything you can say could not possibly have the slightest effect upon my mind."
346 'I was sorry for her, Watson. 347 I thought of her for the moment as I would have thought of a daughter of my own. 348 I am not often eloquent. 349 I use my head, not my heart. 350 But I really did plead with her with all the warmth of words that I could find in my nature. 351 I Pictured to her the awful position of the woman who only wakes to a man's character after she is his wife - a woman who has to submit to be caressed by bloody hands and lecherous lips. 352 I spared her nothing - the shame, the fear, the agony, the hopelessness of it all. 353 All my hot words could not bring one tinge of colour to those ivory cheeks or one gleam of emotion to those abstracted eyes. 354 I thought of what the rascal had said about a post-hypnotic influence. 355 One could really believe that she was living above the earth in some ecstatic dream. 356 Yet there was nothing indefinite in her replies.
357 '"I have listened to you with patience, Mr Holmes," said she. 358 "The effect upon my mind is exactly as predicted. 359 I am aware that Adelbert, that my fiancé, has had a stormy life in which he has incurred bitter hatreds and most unjust aspersions. 360 You are only the last of a series who have brought their slanders before me. 361 Possibly you mean well, though I learn that you are a paid agent who would have been equally willing to act for the Baron as against him. 362 But in any case I wish you to understand once for all that I love him and that he loves me, and that the opinion of all the world is no more to me than the twitter of those birds outside the window. 363 If his noble nature has ever for an instant fallen, it may be that I have been specially sent to raise it to its true and lofty level. 364 I am not clear", here she turned her eyes upon my companion, "who this young lady may be."
365 'I was about to answer when the girl broke in like a whirlwind. 366 If ever you saw flame and ice face to face, it was those two women.
367 '"I'll tell you who I am," she cried, springing out of her chair, her mouth all twisted with passion - "I am his last mistress. 368 I am one of a hundred that he has tempted and used and ruined and thrown into the refuse heap, as he will you also. 369 Your refuse heap is more likely to be a grave, and maybe that's the best. 370 I tell you, you foolish woman, if you marry this man he'll be the death of you. 371 It may be a broken heart or it may be a broken neck, but he'll have you one way or the other. 372 It's not out of love for you I'm speaking. 373 I don't care a tinker's curse whether you live or die. 374 It's out of hate for him and to spite him and to get back on him for what he did to me. 375 But it's all the same, and you needn't look at me like that, my fine lady, for you may be lower than I am before you are through with it."
376 'I should prefer not to discuss such matters," said Miss de Merville, coldly. 377 "Let me say once for all that I am aware of three passages in my fiancé's life in which he became entangled with designing women, and that I am assured of his hearty repentance for any evil that he may have done."
378 '"Three passages!" screamed my companion. 379 "You fool! 380 You unutterable fool!"
381 '"Mr Holmes, I beg that you will bring this interview to an end," said the icy voice. 382 "I have obeyed my father's wish in seeing you, but I am not compelled to listen to the ravings of this person."
383 'With an oath Miss Winter darted forward, and if I had not caught her wrist she would have clutched this maddening woman by the hair. 384 I dragged her towards the door, and was lucky to get her back into the cab without a public scene, for she was beside herself with rage. 385 In a cold way I felt pretty furious myself, Watson, for there was something indescribably annoying in the calm aloofness and supreme self-complaisance of the woman whom we were trying to save. 386 So now once again you know exactly how we stand, and it is clear that I must plan some fresh opening move, for this gambit won't work. 387 I'll keep in touch with you, Watson, for it is more than likely that you will have your part to play, though it is just possible that the next move may lie with them rather than with us.'
388 And it did. 389 Their blow fell - or his blow rather, for never could I believe that the lady was privy to it. 390 I think I could show you the very paving-stone upon which I stood when my eyes fell upon the placard, and a pang of horror passed through my very soul. 391 It was between the Grand Hotel and Charing Cross Station, where a one-legged news-vendor displayed his evening papers. 392 The date was just two days after the last conversation. 393 There, black upon yellow, was the terrible news-sheet:


395 I think I stood stunned for some moments. 396 Then I have a confused recollection of snatching at a paper, of the remonstrance of the man, whom I had not paid, and, finally, of standing in the doorway of a chemist's shop while I turned up the fateful paragraph. 397 This was how it ran:
398 We learn with regret that Mr Sherlock Holmes, the well-known private detective, was the victim this morning of a murderous assault which has left him in a precarious position. 399 There are no exact details to hand, but the event seems to have occurred about twelve o'clock in Regent Street, outside the Café Royal. 400 The attack was made by two men armed with sticks, and Mr Holmes was beaten about the head and body, receiving injuries which the doctors describe as most serious. 401 He was carried to Charing Cross Hospital, and afterwards insisted upon being taken to his rooms in Baker Street. 402 The miscreants who attacked him appear to have been respectably dressed men, who escaped from the bystanders by passing through the Café Royal and out into Glasshouse Street behind it. 403 No doubt they belonged to that criminal fraternity which has so often had occasion to bewail the activity and ingenuity of the injured man.
404 I need not say that my eyes had hardly glanced over the paragraph before I had sprung into a hansom and was on my way to Baker Street. 405 I found Sir Leslie Oakshott, the famous surgeon, in the hall and his brougham waiting at the kerb.
406 'No immediate danger,' was his report. 407 'Two lacerated scalp wounds and some considerable bruises. 408 Several stitches have been necessary. 409 Morphine has been injected and quiet is essential, but an interview of a few minutes would not be absolutely forbidden.'
410 With this permission I stole into the darkened room. 411 The sufferer was wide awake, and I heard my name in a hoarse whisper. 412 The blind was three-quarters down, but one ray of sunlight slanted through and struck the bandaged head of the injured man. 413 A crimson patch had soaked through the white linen compress. 414 I sat beside him and bent my head.
415 'All right, Watson. 416 Don't look so scared,' he muttered in a very weak voice. 417 'It's not as bad as it seems.'
418 'Thank God for that!'
419 'I'm a bit of a single-stick expert, as you know. 420 I took most of them on my guard. 421 It was the second man that was too much for me.'
422 'What can I do, Holmes? 423 Of course, it was that damned fellow who set them on. 424 I'll go and thrash the hide off him if you give the word.'
425 'Good old Watson! 426 No, we can do nothing there unless the police lay their hands on the men. 427 But their get-away had been well prepared. 428 We may be sure of that. 429 Wait a little. 430 I have my plans. 431 The first thing is to exaggerate my injuries. 432 They'll come to you for news. 433 Put it on thick, Watson. 434 Lucky if I live the week out - concussion - delirium - what you like! 435 You can't overdo it.'
436 'But Sir Leslie Oakshott?'
437 'Oh, he's all right. 438 He shall see the worst side of me. 439 I'll look after that.'
440 'Anything else?'
441 'Yes. 442 Tell Shinwell Johnson to get that girl out of the way. 443 Those beauties will be after her now. 444 They know, of course, that she was with me in the case. 445 If they dared to do me in it is not likely they will neglect her. 446 That is urgent. 447 Do it to-night.'
448 'I'll go now. 449 Anything more?'
450 'Put my pipe on the table - and the tobacco-slipper. 451 Right! 452 Come in each morning and we will plan our campaign.'
453 I arranged with Johnson that evening to take Miss Winter to a quiet suburb and see that she lay low until the danger was past.
454 For six days the public were under the impression that Holmes was at the door of death. 455 The bulletins were very grave and there were sinister paragraphs in the papers. 456 My continual visits assured me that it was not so bad as that. 457 His wiry constitution and his determined will were working wonders. 458 He was recovering fast, and I had suspicions at times that he was really finding himself faster than he pretended, even to me. 459 There was a curious secretive streak in the man which led to many dramatic effects, but left even his closest friend guessing as to what his exact plans might be. 460 He pushed to an extreme the axiom that the only safe plotter was he who plotted alone. 461 I was nearer him than anyone else, and yet I was always conscious of the gap between.
462 On the seventh day the stitches were taken out, in spite of which there was a report of erysipelas in the evening papers. 463 The same evening papers had an announcement which I was bound, sick or well, to carry to my friend. 464 It was simply that among the passengers on the Cunard boat Ruritania, starting from Liverpool on Friday, was the Baron Adelbert Gruner, who had some important financial business to settle in the States before his impending wedding to Miss Violet de Merville, only daughter of, etc., etc. 465 Holmes listened to the news with a cold, concentrated look upon his pale face, which told me that it hit him hard.
466 'Friday!' he cried. 467 'Only three clear days. 468 I believe the rascal wants to put himself out of danger's way. 469 But he won't, Watson! 470 By the Lord Harry, he won't! 471 Now, Watson, I want you to do something for me.'
472 'I am here to be used, Holmes.'
473 'Well, then, spend the next twenty-four hours in an intensive study of Chinese pottery.'
474 He gave no explanations and I asked for none. 475 By long experience I had learned the wisdom of obedience. 476 But when I had left his room I walked down Baker Street, revolving in my head how on earth I was to carry out so strange an order. 477 Finally I drove to the London Library in St James's Square, put the matter to my friend Lomax, the sub-librarian, and departed to my rooms with a goodly volume under my arm.
478 It is said that the barrister who crams up a case with such care that he can examine an expert witness upon the Monday has forgotten all his forced knowledge before the Saturday. 479 Certainly I should not like now to pose as an authority upon ceramics. 480 And yet all that evening, and all that night with a short interval for rest, and all next morning I was sucking in knowledge and committing names to memory. 481 There I learned of the hall-marks of the great artistdecorators, of the mystery of cyclical dates, the marks of the Hung-wu and the beauties of the Yung-lo, the writings of Tang-ying, and the glories of the primitive period of the Sung and the Yuan. 482 I was charged with all this information when I called upon Holmes next evening. 483 He was out of bed now, though you would not have guessed it from the published reports, and he sat with his much-bandaged head resting upon his hand in the depth of his favourite arm-chair.
484 'Why, Holmes,' I said, 'if one believed the papers you are dying.'
485 'That', said he, 'is the very impression which I intended to convey. 486 And now, Watson, have you learned your lessons?'
487 'At least I have tried to.'
488 'Good. 489 You could keep up an intelligent conversation on the subject?'
490 'I believe I could.'
491 'Then hand me that little box from the mantelpiece.'
492 He opened the lid and took out a small object most carefully wrapped in some fine Eastern silk. 493 This he unfolded, and disclosed a delicate little saucer of the most beautiful deep-blue colour.
494 'It needs careful handling, Watson. 495 This is the real eggshell pottery of the Ming dynasty. 496 No finer piece ever passed through Christie's. 497 A complete set of this would be worth a king's ransom - in fact, it is doubtful if there is a complete set outside the Imperial palace of Peking. 498 The sight of this would drive a real connoisseur wild.'
499 'What am I to do with it?'
500 Holmes handed me a card upon which was printed: 501 'Dr Hill Barton, 369, Half Moon Street.'
502 'That is your name for the evening, Watson. 503 You will call upon Baron Gruner. 504 I know something of his habits, and at half-past eight he would probably be disengaged. 505 A note will tell him in advance that you are about to call, and you will say that you are bringing him a specimen of an absolutely unique set of Ming china. 506 You may as well be a medical man, since that is a part which you can play without duplicity. 507 You are a collector, this set has come your way, you have heard of the Baron's interest in the subject, and you are not averse to selling at a price.'
508 'What price?'
509 'Well asked, Watson. 510 You would certainly fall down badly if you did not know the value of your own wares. 511 This saucer was got for me by Sir James, and comes, I understand, from the collection of his client. 512 You will not exaggerate if you say that it could hardly be matched in the world.'
513 'I could perhaps suggest that the set should be valued by an expert.'
514 'Excellent, Watson! 515 You scintillate today. 516 Suggest Christie or Sotheby. 517 Your delicacy prevents your putting a price for yourself.'
518 'But if he won't see me?'
519 'Oh, yes, he will see you. 520 He has the collection mania in its most acute form - and especially on this subject, on which he is an acknowledged authority. 521 Sit down, Watson, and I will dictate the letter. 522 No answer needed. 523 You will merely say that you are coming, and why.'
524 It was an admirable document, short, courteous, and stimulating to the curiosity of the connoisseur. 525 A district messenger was duly dispatched with it. 526 On the same evening, with the precious saucer in my hand and the card of Dr Hill Barton in my pocket, I set off on my own adventure.
527 The beautiful house and grounds indicated that Baron Gruner was, as Sir James had said, a man of considerable wealth. 528 A long winding drive, with banks of rare shrubs on either side, opened out into a great gravelled square adorned with statues. 529 The place had been built by a South African gold king in the days of the great boom, and the long, low house with the turrets at the corners, though an architectural nightmare, was imposing in its size and solidity. 530 A butler who would have adorned a bench of Bishops showed me in, and handed me over to a plush-clad footman, who ushered me into the Baron's presence.
531 He was standing at the open front of a great case which stood between the windows, and which contained part of his Chinese collection. 532 He turned as I entered with a small brown vase in his hand.
533 'Pray sit down, doctor,' said he. 534 'I was looking over my own treasures and wondering whether I could really afford to add to them. 535 This little Tang specimen, which dates from the seventh century, would probably interest you. 536 I am sure you never saw finer workmanship or a richer glaze. 537 Have you the Ming saucer with you of which you spoke?'
538 I carefully unpacked it and handed it to him. 539 He seated himself at his desk, pulled over the lamp, for it was growing dark, and set himself to examine it. 540 As he did so the yellow light beat upon his own features, and I was able to study them at my ease.
541 He was certainly a remarkably handsome man. 542 His European reputation for beauty was fully deserved. 543 In figure he was not more than of middle size, but was built upon graceful and active lines. 544 His face was swarthy, almost Oriental, with large, dark, languorous eyes which might easily hold an irresistible fascination for women. 545 His hair and moustache were raven black, the latter short, pointed, and carefully waxed. 546 His features were regular and pleasing, save only his straight, thin-lipped mouth. 547 If ever I saw a murderer's mouth it was there - a cruel, hard gash in the face, compressed, inexorable, and terrible. 548 He was ill-advised to train his moustache away from it, for it was Nature's danger-signal, set as a warning to his victims. 549 His voice was engaging and his manners perfect. 550 In age I should have put him at little over thirty, though his record afterwards showed that he was forty-two.
551 'Very fine - very fine indeed!' he said at last. 552 'And you say you have a set of six to correspond. 553 What puzzles me is that I should not have heard of such magnificent specimens. 554 I only know of one in England to match this, and it is certainly not likely to be in the market. 555 Would it be indiscreet if I were to ask you, Dr Hill Barton, how you obtained this?'
556 'Does it really matter?' I asked, with as careless an air as I could muster. 557 'You can see that the piece is genuine, and, as to the value, I am content to take an expert's valuation.'
558 'Very mysterious,' said he, with a quick suspicious flash, of his dark eyes. 559 'In dealing with objects of such value, one naturally wishes to know all about the transaction. 560 That the piece is genuine is certain. 561 I have no doubts at all about that. 562 But suppose - I am bound to take every possibility into account - that it should prove afterwards that you had no right to sell?'
563 'I would guarantee you against any claim of the sort.'
564 'That, of course, would open up the question as to what your guarantee was worth.'
565 'My bankers would answer that.'
566 'Quite so. 567 And yet the whole transaction strikes me as rather unusual.'
568 'You can do business or not,' said I, with indifference. 569 'I have given you the first offer as I understood that you were a connoisseur, but I shall have no difficulty in other quarters.'
570 'Who told you I was a connoisseur?'
571 'I was aware that you had written a book upon the subject.'
572 'Have you read the book?'
573 'No.'
574 'Dear me, this becomes more and more difficult for me to understand! 575 You are a connoisseur and collector with a very valuable piece in your collection, and yet you have never troubled to consult the one book which would have told you of the real meaning and value of what you held. 576 How do you explain that?'
577 'I am a very busy man. 578 I am a doctor in practice.'
579 'That is no answer. 580 If a man has a hobby he follows it up, whatever his other pursuits may be. 581 You said in your note that you were a connoisseur.'
582 'So I am.'
583 'Might I ask you a few questions to test you? 584 I am obliged to tell you, doctor - if you are indeed a doctor - that the incident becomes more and more suspicious. 585 I would ask you what do you know of the Emperor Shomu and how do you associate him with the Shoso-in near Nara? 586 Dear me, does that puzzle you? 587 Tell me a little about the Northern Wei dynasty and its place in the history of ceramics.'
588 I sprang from my chair in simulated anger.
589 'This is intolerable, sir,' said I. 590 'I came here to do you a favour, and not to be examined as if I were a schoolboy. 591 My knowledge on these subjects may be second only to your own, but I certainly shall not answer questions which have been put in so offensive a way.'
592 He looked at me steadily. 593 The languor had gone from his eyes. 594 They suddenly glared. 595 There was a gleam of teeth from between those cruel lips.
596 'What is the game? 597 You are here as a spy. 598 You are an emissary of Holmes. 599 This is a trick that you are playing upon me. 600 The fellow is dying, I hear, so he sends his tools to keep watch upon me. 601 You've made your way in here without leave, and by God! 602 you may find it harder to get out than to get in.'
603 He had sprung to his feet, and I stepped back, bracing myself for an attack, for the man was beside himself with rage. 604 He may have suspected me from the first, certainly this cross-examination had shown him the truth, but it was clear that I could not hope to deceive him. 605 He dived his hand into a side-drawer and rummaged furiously. 606 Then something struck upon his ear, for he stood listening intently.
607 'Ah!' he cried. 608 'Ah!' and dashed into the room behind him.
609 Two steps took me to the open door, and my mind will ever carry a clear picture of the scene within. 610 The window leading out to the garden was wide open. 611 Beside it, looking like some terrible ghost, his head girt with bloody bandages, his face drawn and white, stood Sherlock Holmes. 612 The next instant he was through the gap, and I heard the crash of his body among the laurel bushes outside. 613 With a howl of rage the master of the house rushed after him to the open window.
614 And then! 615 It was done in an instant, and yet I clearly saw it. 616 An arm - a woman's arm - shot out from among the leaves. 617 At the same instant the Baron uttered a horrible cry - a yell which will always ring in my memory. 618 He clapped his two hands to his face and rushed round the room, beating his head horribly against the walls. 619 Then he fell upon the carpet, rolling and writhing, while scream after scream resounded through the house.
620 'Water! 621 For God's sake, water!' was his cry.
622 I seized a carafe from a side-table and rushed to his aid. 623 At the same moment the butler and several footmen ran in from the hall. 624 I remember that one of them fainted as I knelt by the injured man and turned that awful face to the light of the lamp. 625 The vitriol was eating into it everywhere and dripping from the ears and the chin. 626 One eye was already white and glazed. 627 The other was red and inflamed. 628 The features which I had admired a few minutes before were now like some beautiful painting over which the artist has passed a wet and foul sponge. 629 They were blurred, discoloured, inhuman, terrible.
630 In a few words I explained exactly what had occurred, so far as the vitriol attack was concerned. 631 Some had climbed through the window and others had rushed out on to the lawn, but it was dark and it had begun to rain. 632 Between his screams the victim raged and raved against the avenger. 633 'It was that hell-cat, Kitty Winter!' he cried. 634 'Oh, the she-devil! 635 She shall pay for it! 636 She shall pay! 637 Oh, God in heaven, this pain is more than I can bear!'
638 I bathed his face in oil, put cotton wadding on the raw surfaces, and administered a hypodermic of morphia. 639 All suspicion of me had passed from his mind in the presence of this shock, and he clung to my hands as if I might have the power even yet to clear those dead-fish eyes which gazed up at me. 640 I could have wept over the ruin had I not remembered very clearly the vile life which had led up to so hideous a change. 641 It was loathsome to feel the pawing of his burning hands, and I was relieved when his family surgeon, closely followed by a specialist, came to relieve me of my charge. 642 An inspector of police had also arrived, and to him I handed my real card. 643 It would have been useless as well as foolish to do otherwise, for I was nearly as well known by sight at the Yard as Holmes himself. 644 Then I left that house of gloom and terror. 645 Within an hour I was at Baker Street.
646 Holmes was seated in his familiar chair, looking very pale and exhausted. 647 Apart from his injuries, even his iron nerves had been shocked by the events of the evening, and he listened with horror to my account of the Baron's transformation.
648 'The wages of sin, Watson - the wages of sin!' said he. 649 'Sooner or later it will always come. 650 God knows, there was sin enough,' he added, taking up a brown volume from the table. 651 'Here is the book the woman talked of. 652 If this will not break off the marriage, nothing ever could. 653 But it will, Watson. 654 It must. 655 No self-respecting woman could stand it.'
656 'It is his love diary?'
657 'Or his lust diary. 658 Call it what you will. 659 The moment the woman told us of it I realized what a tremendous weapon was there, if we could but lay our hands on it. 660 I said nothing at the time to indicate my thoughts, for this woman might have given it away. 661 But I brooded over it. 662 Then this assault upon me gave me the chance of letting the Baron think that no precautions need be taken against me. 663 That was all to the good. 664 I would have waited a little longer, but his visit to America forced my hand. 665 He would never have left so compromising a document behind him. 666 Therefore we had to act at once. 667 Burglary at night is impossible. 668 He takes precautions. 669 But there was a chance in the evening if I could only be sure that his attention was engaged. 670 That was where you and your blue saucer came in. 671 But I had to be sure of the position of the book, and I knew I had only a few minutes in which to act, for my time was limited by your knowledge of Chinese pottery. 672 Therefore I gathered the girl up at the last moment. 673 How could I guess what the little packet was that she carried so carefully under her cloak? 674 I thought she had come altogether on my business, but it seems she had some of her own.'
675 'He guessed I came from you.'
676 'I feared he would. 677 But you held him in play just long enough for me to get the book, though not long enough for an unobserved escape. 678 Ah, Sir James, I am very glad you have come!'
679 Our courtly friend had appeared in answer to a previous summons. 680 He listened with the deepest attention to Holmes's account of what had occurred.
681 'You have done wonders - wonders!' he cried, when he had heard the narrative. 682 'But if these injuries are as terrible as Dr Watson describes, then surely our purpose of thwarting the marriage is sufficiently gained without the use of this horrible book.'
683 Holmes shook his head.
684 'Women of the de Merville type do not act like that. 685 She would love him the more as a disfigured martyr. 686 No, no. 687 It is his moral side, not his physical, which we have to destroy. 688 That book will bring her back to earth - and I know nothing else that could. 689 It is in his own writing. 690 She cannot get past it.'
691 Sir James carried away both it and the precious saucer. 692 As I was myself overdue, I went down with him into the street. 693 A brougham was waiting for him. 694 He sprang in, gave a hurried order to the cockaded coachman, and drove swiftly away. 695 He flung his overcoat half out of the window to cover the armorial bearings upon the panel, but I had seen them in the glare of our fanlight none the less. 696 I gasped with surprise. 697 Then I turned back and ascended the stair to Holmes's room.
698 'I have found out who our client is,' I cried, bursting with my great news. 699 'Why, Holmes, it is-'
700 'It is a loyal friend and a chivalrous gentleman,' said Holmes, holding up a restraining hand. 701 'Let that now and for ever be enough for us.'
702 I do not know how the incriminating book was used. 703 Sir James may have managed it. 704 Or it is more probable that so delicate a task was entrusted to the young lady's father. 705 The effect, at any rate, was all that could be desired. 706 Three days later appeared a paragraph in The Morning Post to say that the marriage between Baron Adelbert Gruner and Miss Violet de Merville would not take place. 707 The same paper had the first police-court hearing of the proceedings against Miss Kitty Winter on the grave charge of vitriol-throwing. 708 Such extenuating circumstances came out in the trial that the sentence, as will be remembered, was the lowest that was possible for such an offence. 709 Sherlock Holmes was threatened with a prosecution for burglary, but when an object is good and a client is sufficiently illustrious, even the rigid British law becomes human and elastic. 710 My friend has not yet stood in the dock.

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