From The Arthur Conan Doyle Encyclopedia
This is a succinct chronology of the very dense life of Arthur Conan Doyle. For a complete chronology, refer to the excellent book by Brian W. Pugh : A Chronology of the Life of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle.
|Birth of Arthur Ignatius Conan Doyle in Edinburgh, second child of Charles Altamont Doyle and Mary Foley.
|Arthur attended school at the jesuit Stonyhurst Public School.
|Arthur passed his London Matriculation Examination at Stonyhurst College.
|He spent a year at a jesuit college in Austria, Feldkirch, to improve his German.
|He sojourned several weeks in Paris, 65 Avenue de Wagram, in his great-uncle and godfather, Michael Edward Conan. Conan's name has ben given in tribute to him.
|Conan Doyle attended the Edinburgh University of Medecine. Two of his teachers, the surgeon of the hospital, Joseph Bell, and Rutherford, served as a model of inspiration for his characters of Sherlock Holmes and Professor Challenger (The Lost World).
|He became doctor's assistant to Dr. Charles Richardson in Sheffield for 3 weeks.
|Publication of his first short story: The Mystery of Sasassa Valley.
|He started as surgeon on the whaler Hope bound in Arctic for 6 months.
|He graduated in medicine and surgery.
|He sailed as a doctor aboard the Mayumba who sailed to the coast of Guinea (West Africa).
|He opened an office in Plymouth and in Southsea, Portsmouth.
|He married Louisa Hawkins, the sister of one of his patients.
|A Study in Scarlet, the first Sherlock Holmes adventure, rejected by several publishers before finding a buyer (accepted by a letter dated 30 october 1886 by Ward, Lock & Co.).
|He was initiated as a freemason of the Phoenix Lodge No. 257, Southsea, Portsmouth.
|Publication of A Study in Scarlet in the Beeton's Christmas Annual.
|Birth of his daughter Mary Louise.
|Publication of Micah Clarke, "It was the first solid corner-stone laid for some sort of literary reputation" Conan Doyle wrote in his memories.
|American magazine Lippincott's Magazine published The Sign of Four, the second adventure of Sherlock Holmes. Then in april, he began writing The White Company which will end in july 1890 (published from january to december 1891 in The Cornhill Magazine).
|Publication of his novel, The Firm of Girdlestone.
|Doyle closed his medical practice in Portsmouth and decided to specialize in ophthalmology.
|He studied ophthalmology in Vienna (Austria).
|He returnedto London via Paris to meet Landolt, the French specialist in ophthalmology.
|He opened a practice in London, 2 Upper Wimpole Street.
|Publication of A Scandal in Bohemia, the first adventure of Sherlock Holmes as a short story in The Strand Magazine.
|Conan Doyle gave up medicine and became a full time writer. He moved to South Norwood (12 Tennison Road).
|He made a trip in Norway with Jerome K. Jerome. He discovered the pleasure of skiing in Switzerland and introduce this practice as a recreational sport a few months later.
|Publication of The Great Shadow (story where the author expressed his fascination for Napoleon).
|Birth of his son Kingsley.
|Publication of The Refugees.
|His wife Louisa diagnosed with tuberculosis.
|Death of his father Charles Altamont Doyle.
|The Strand Magazine published The Adventure of the Final Problem, where Sherlock Holmes and Professor Moriarty fell at Reichenbach Falls (Switzerland) freeing the author who wishes to devote to a "more serious literary work.
|Publication of The Parasite and The Medal of Brigadier Gerard (Napoleonic story announcing a long series).
|He returned to England. He decided to build a house in Surrey when he was told that the air is even better than Davos to treat tuberculosis.
|Publication of The Exploits of Brigadier Gerard in The Strand Magazine.
|He travelled to Egypt for the sake of his wife, during the completion of the construction of his house in Surrey. He will find the inspiration for The Tragedy of the Korosko (published in 1898). He witnessed the conflict between the British and the dervishes. He became war correspondent for The Westminster Gazette.
|Publication of Rodney Stone (novel about boxing).
|Publication of his first pirate adventure of Captain Sharkey in Pearson's Magazine. Two others will follow in march and may.
|While visiting London, Conan Doyle falls in love for a woman in her twenties, Jean Leckie. For respect to his wife, he began a platonic relationship.
|Publication of Uncle Bernac, a Napoleonic novel.
|First performance of the William Gillette's play Sherlock Holmes, written with Conan Doyle. Gillette played the detective during 35 years.
|Conan Doyle went to South Africa in Bloemfontein as a doctor during the Boer War. He met the young Winston Churchill. He returned to England on 10 july.
|He is defeated in parliamentary elections as an Unionist candidate in Edinburgh.
|Publication of his essay The Great Boer War.
|Publication in The Strand Magazine of The Hound of the Baskervilles.
|Publication of his essay The War in South Africa: Its Cause and Conduct, which was published in twenty countries.
|Knighted by the king, he becomes Sir Arthur Conan Doyle after thinking refuse this honor (in The Adventure of the Three Garridebs, Sherlock receives the same proposal in june 1902 but he refused it).
|After the success of The Hound of the Baskervilles, an American publisher offered him 45,000 pounds for thirteen new adventures of Sherlock Holmes. Conan Doyle accepted and resurrected his hero in The Adventure of the Empty House.
|He continued his research on the Middle Ages, interrupted by the Boer War, to write a novel, whose action takes place before The White Company, which will be serialized in The Strand Magazine in 1905 and 1906 under the title Sir Nigel.
|On the occasion of the signing of the Entente Cordiale, he received at his home in Surrey, a delegation of French naval officers, on an official visit, led by Vice Admiral Caillard.
|New electoral defeat.
|Death of his wife Louisa.
|George Edalji was exonerated.
|He married Jean Leckie. George Edalji was invited.
|He moved to Crowborough in Sussex.
|Birth of his son Denis.
|He struggled to avoid the death penalty on Oscar Slater, accused of murder, the death penalty was commuted to life in prison and innocence will be recognized in 1927.
|Birth of his son Adrian (who will wrote The Exploits of Sherlock Holmes with John Dickson Carr).
|Publication of The Lost World.
|Birth of his daughter Lena Jean.
|Campaigning for the Channel Tunnel.
|He started a lecturingtour about literature in North America and Canada.
|After declaration of war with Germany, he formed a group of local volunteers.
|Publication of The Valley of Fear.
|During the war, Conan Doyle was reporting on French and Italian fronts.
|Publication of the short story His Last Bow where Sherlock Holmes appears on the eve of the First World War, which is the latest adventure of the hero from a chronological point of view.
|His eldest son Kingsley died of the Spanish flu, weakened by a war wound received during the Battle of the Somme.
|Conan Doyle met Harry Houdini, and became friends.
|He started a lecturing tour on spiritualism in Australia and New Zealand.
|Death of his mother. His wife discovered mediumnic talents.
|Publication of The Coming of the Fairies.
|Publication of his autobiography Memories and Adventures.
|He opened The Psychic Bookshop, 2 Victoria Street, London.
|Publication of its latest Sherlock Holmes short story in Liberty magazine, The Adventure of Shoscombe Old Place.
|He started a trip to South Africa throught Egypt.
|Exhausted by lectures worldwide, he died of a heart attack at his home.