Sherlock Holmes: Discovering the Border Burghs, and, by Deduction, the Brig Bazaar
From The Arthur Conan Doyle Encyclopedia
Sherlock Holmes: Discovering the Border Burghs, and, by Deduction, the Brig Bazaar is a short story written anonymously in The Book o' the Brig, published by George Lewis & Co., Selkirk, in 1903, during the bazaar of the 12 december 1903 for saving an old bridge.
This story was wrongly attributed to Arthur Conan Doyle by a Scottish citizen, Walter Elliot, as reported in The Telegraph, 20 february 2015.
Arguments for an anonymous author which is not Conan Doyle
- In The Southern Reporter (17 december 1903), an ad for The Book o' the Brig stated: « its contributors are either Natives,or Borderers who have close interest in the Town [Selkirk]. » Conan Doyle wasn't a Native or a Borderer.
- In the same newspaper, an article about the visit of Conan Doyle in Selkirk stated: « Sir Arthur afterwards appended his signature to a number of copies of the bazaar book, and these sold readily at an increased price. » Conan Doyle maybe signed the book as a whole, not specially for the short story, and even if yes, it's not an evidence of paternity.
- No one (Conan Doyle incl.) among organizers of the bazaar, editors or journalists mentioned Conan Doyle as the author.
- The Sherlock Holmes' story/interview is part of a series of 3 interviews (I. Sir Walter Scott, II. Mungo Park, III. Sherlock Holmes). Probably by same author and Conan Doyle would unlikely wrote the 3.
- No serious editor in 1903 would have published Conan Doyle anonymously.
- The style of the text is not Conan Doyle's one.
The weak argument for Conan Doyle as author (by Walter Elliott, 20 february 2015)
'We've had enough of old romancists and men of travel,' said the Editor, as he blue-pencilled his copy, and made arrangements for the great Saturday edition of the Bazaar Book. 'We want something up-to-date. Why not have a word from "Sherlock Holmes"?'
Editors have only to speak and it is done, at least they think so. 'Sherlock Holmes!' As well talk of interviewing the Man in the Moon. But it does not do to tell Editors all that you think. I had no objections whatever, I assured the Editor, to buttonhole 'Sherlock Holmes,' but to do so I should have to go to London.
'London!' scornfully sniffed the Great Man. 'And you profess to be a journalist? Have you never heard of the telegraph, the telephone, or the phonograph? Go to London! And are you not aware that all journalists are supposed to be qualified members of the Institute of Fiction, and to be qualified to make use of the Faculty of Imagination? By the use of the latter men have been interviewed, who were hundreds of miles away; some have been "interviewed" without either knowledge or consent. See that you have a topical article ready for the press for Saturday. Good day'.
I was dismissed and had to find copy by hook or by crook. Well, the Faculty of Imagination might be worth a trial.
The familiar house in Sloan Street met my bewildered gaze. The door was shut, the blinds drawn. I entered; doors are no barrier to one who uses the Faculty of Imagination. The soft light from an electric bulb flooded the room. 'Sherlock Holmes' sits by the side of the table; Dr Watson is on his feet about to leave for the night. Sherlock Holmes, as has lately been shown by a prominent journal, is a pronounced Free Trader. Dr Watson is a mild Protectionist, who would take his gruelling behind a Martello tower, as Lord Goschen wittily put it, but not 'lying down!' The twain had just finished a stiff argument on the Fiscal policy. Holmes loq, —
'And when shall I see you again, Watson? The inquiry into the "Mysteries of the Secret Cabinet" will be continued in Edinburgh on Saturday. Do you mind a run down to Scotland? You would get some capital data which you might turn to good account later.'
'I am very sorry,' replied Dr Watson, 'I should have liked to have gone with you, but a prior engagement prevents me. I will, however, have the pleasure of being in kindly Scottish company that day. I, also, am going to Scotland.'
'Ah! then you are going to the Border country at that time?'
'How do you know that?'
'My dear Watson, it's all a matter of deduction.'
'Will you explain?'
'Well, when a man becomes absorbed in a certain theme, the murder will out some day. In the many discussions you and I have had on the fiscal question from time to time I have not failed to notice that you have taken up an attitude antagonistic to a certain school of thought, and on several occasions you have commented on the passing of "so-called" reforms, as you describe them, which you say were not the result of a spontaneous movement from or by the people, but solely due to the pressure of the Manchester School of politicians appealing to the mob. In one of these allusions you made a peculiar reference to "Huz an' Mainchester" who had "turned the world upside down." The word "Huz" stuck to me, but after consulting many authors without learning anything as to the source of the word, I one day in reading a provincial paper noticed the same expression, which the writer said was descriptive of the way Hawick people looked at the progress of Reform. "Huz an' Mainchester" led the way. So, thought I, Watson has a knowledge of Hawick. I was still further confirmed in this idea by hearing you in several absent moments crooning a weird song of the Norwegian God Thor. Again I made enquires, and writing to a friend in the South country I procured a copy of "Teribus." So, I reasoned, so—there's something in the air! What attraction has Hawick for Watson?'
'Wonderful,' Watson said, 'and ?'
'Yes, and when you characterised the action of the German Government in seeking to hamper Canadian trade by raising her tariff wall against her, as a case of "Sour Plums," and again in a drawing room asked a mutual lady friend to sing you that fine old song, "Braw, braw lads," I was curious enough to look up the old ballad, and finding it had a reference to a small town near to Hawick, I began to see a ray of daylight. Hawick had a place in your mind; likewise so had Galashiels—so much was apparent. The question to be decided was why?'
'So far so good. And ?'
'Later still the plot deepened. Why, when I was retailing to you the steps that led up to the arrest of the Norwood builder by the impression of his thumb, I found to my very great surprise that you were not listening at all to my reasoning, but were lilting a very sweet — a very sweet tune, Watson — "The Flowers of the Forest;" then I in turn consulted an authority on the subject, and found that that lovely if tragic song had a special reference to Selkirk. And you remember, Watson, how very enthusiastic you grew all of a sudden on the subject of Common-Ridings, and how much you studied the history of James IV., with special reference to Flodden Field. All these things speak, Watson, to the orderly brain of a thinker. Hawick, Galashiels, and Selkirk. What did the combination mean? I felt I must solve the problem, Watson; so that night when you left me, after we had discussed the "Tragedy of a Divided House," I ordered in a tin of tobacco, wrapped my cloak about me, and spent the night in thought. When you came round in the morning the problem was solved. I could not on the accumulative evidence but come to the conclusion that you contemplated another Parliamentary contest. Watson, you have the Border Burghs in your eye!'
'In my heart, Holmes,' said Watson.
'And where do you travel to on Saturday, Watson?'
'I am going to Selkirk; I have an engagement there to open a Bazaar.'
'Is it in aid of a Bridge, Watson?'
'Yes,' replied Watson in surprise; 'but how do you know? I have never mentioned the matter to you.'
'By word, no; but by your action you have revealed the bent of your mind.'
'Let me explain. A week ago you came round to my rooms and asked for a look at "Macaulay's Lays of Ancient Rome." (You know I admire Macaulay's works, and have a full set.) That volume, after a casual look at, you took with you. When you returned it a day or two later I noticed it was marked with a slip of paper at the "Lay of Horatius," and I detected a faint pencil mark on the slip noting that the closing stanza was very appropriate. As you know, Watson, the lay is all descriptive of the keeping of a bridge. Let me remind you how nicely you would perorate ?
When the goodman mends his armour
And trims his helmet's plume,
When the goodwife's shuttle merrily
Goes flashing through the loom,
With weeping and with laughter,
Still is the story told ?
How well Horatius kept the bridge,
In the brave days of old.
Could I, being mortal, help thinking you were bent on some such exploit yourself?'
'Well, goodbye, Watson; shall be glad of your company after Saturday. Remember Horatius' words when you go to the Border Burghs:— "How can man die better than facing fearful odds." But there, these words are only illustrations. Safe journey, and success to the Brig!'