Sir Arthur Conan Doyle:Honours And Awards
From The Arthur Conan Doyle Encyclopedia
Here is a list of Honours, Awards, Appointments and Degrees earned by Arthur Conan Doyle.
This clarifies some falses informations that were spread in various publications. For example, Conan Doyle was not Knight of St. John of Jerusalem (KStJ) but he was Knight Bachelor (Kt).
1875 : Matriculation Exam
In july 1875, Arthur Conan Doyle passed London Matriculation Examination at Stonyhurst College. On 20 july, he received his Certificate of Honour from the University of London. He was placed eighty-first.
1881 : Biology, M.B., C.M.
Around july 1881, Arthur Conan Doyle received his MD in biology. On 1st august 1881, he was graduated Bachelor of Medicine (MB, Medical Bachelor) and Master of Surgery (CM, Chirurgiae Magistrum) with First Class Honours from the University of Edinburgh.
1885 : M.D.
In april 1885, Arthur Conan Doyle submitted his MD thesis An essay upon the vasomotor changes in tabes dorsalis and on the influence which is exerted by the sympathetic nervous system in that disease, and he was awarded Doctor of Medicine (MD, Medicinae Doctor) degree from the University of Edinburgh in july 1885.
1898 : Cavaliere
While visiting Italy in 1898, Arthur Conan Doyle was appointed Cavaliere dell'Ordine della Corona d'Italia (Knight of the Order of the Crown of Italy, an honorary knighthood).
1902 : NSHS, Kt, D.L.
In february 1902, Arthur Conan Doyle was awarded life membership to the Nova Scotia Historical Society for his patriotic work for the Empire.
In april 1902, he was notified that he would receive a knighthood in the forthcoming Honours List. On 20 june 1902, Conan Doyle received a letter from Lord Salisbury confirming that he would receive a knighthood for his services to the Crown during the Boer War, especially his pamphlet The Great Boer War (and not for his Sherlock Holmes work, though King Edward VII was very fond of the detective). On 26 june, the list was published officially, and on 24 october, he was knighted (Kt, Knight, Sir) by King Edward VII at Buckingham Palace.
He was also appointed a Deputy-Lieutenant of Surrey. However, he wasn't knighted for having created Sherlock Holmes. He was made a knight for his work on a non-fiction pamphlet regarding the Boer War.
(25 october 1902, p. 8)
At the same ceremony, Arthur Conan Doyle was also appointed Deputy Lieutenant of Surrey (D.L.).
In a correspondence with his mother, Conan Doyle intended to refuse the knighthood. He wrote he disparaged the title as "the badge of the provincial mayor," and believed that the big men such as Kipling and Chamberlain would not stoop to accept such honorifics. "All my work for the State would seem tainted if I took a so called reward." But his mother pelted her son with reproachful letters, and traveled to Hindhead to press her case in person. In the end, she wore him down. "To refuse the honor," she said, "would constitute an insult to the king." If Conan Doyle accepted his knighthood under duress, there was some consolation at the ceremony itself as he met Oliver Lodge, which was knighted the same day, and they could share their views about spiritualism: "We plunged at once into psychic talk, which made me forget where I was, or what I was there for." Once knighted he wrote to his brother Innes : "I feel like a new-married girl who isn't sure of her own name. They also made me Deputy-Lieutenant of Surrey, whatever that means."
Some 20 years later, in october 1924, in the short story The Adventure of the Three Garridebs, Conan Doyle made Sherlock Holmes refuse the knighthood at the same date (june 1902) in the same circumstances (conclusion of South African War). Dr. Watson wrote:
"I remember the date very well, for it was in the same month that Holmes refused a knighthood for services which may perhaps some day be described. I only refer to the matter in passing, for in my position of partner and confidant I am obliged to be particularly careful to avoid any indiscretion. I repeat, however, that this enables me to fix the date, which was the latter end of June, 1902, shortly after the conclusion of the South African War."
1905 : LL.D.
On 7 april 1905, Arthur Conan Doyle was awarded his honorary degree of Doctor of Laws (LL.D., Legum Doctor) by the University of Edinburgh.
1907 : Order of the Medjidie
On november 1907, during their honeymoon in Constantinople, Arthur Conan Doyle received the Order of the Medjidie and his wife Jean Conan Doyle received the Order of Nichan-I-Chefakat from the Ottoman Grand Sultan Abdul Hammid II.