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22 May 1859, Edinburgh M.D., Kt, D.L., LL.D., Sportsman, Writer, Poet, Politician, Justicer, Spiritualist Crowborough, 7 July 1930

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The Adventure of the Beryl Coronet


1 'Holmes,' said I, as I stood one morning in our bow-window looking down the street, 'here is a madman coming along. 2 It seems rather sad that his relatives should allow him to come out alone.'
3 My friend rose lazily from his armchair, and stood with his hands in the pockets of his dressing-gown, looking over my shoulder. 4 It was a bright, crisp February morning, and the snow of the day before still lay deep upon the ground, shimmering brightly in the wintry sun. 5 Down the centre of Baker Street it had been ploughed into a brown crumbly band by the traffic, but at either side and on the heaped-up edges of the footpaths it still lay as white as when it fell. 6 The grey pavement had been cleaned and scraped, but was still dangerously slippery, so that there were fewer passengers than usual. 7 Indeed, from the direction of the Metropolitan station no one was coming save the single gentleman whose eccentric conduct had drawn my attention.
8 He was a man of about fifty, tall, portly, and imposing, with a massive, strongly marked face and a commanding figure. 9 He was dressed in a sombre yet rich style, in black frock-coat, shining hat, neat brown gaiters, and well-cut pearl-grey trousers. 10 Yet his actions were in absurd contrast to the dignity of his dress and features, for he was running hard, with occasional little springs, such as a weary man gives who is little accustomed to set any tax upon his legs. 11 As he ran he jerked his hands up and down, waggled his head, and writhed his face into the most extraordinary contortions.
12 'What on earth can be the matter with him?' I asked. 13 'He is looking up at the numbers of the houses.'
14 'I believe that he is coming here,' said Holmes, rubbing his hands.
15 'Here?'
16 'Yes; I rather think he is coming to consult me professionally. 17 I think that I recognize the symptoms. 18 Ha! did I not tell you?' 19 As he spoke, the man, puffing and blowing, rushed at our door, and pulled at our bell until the whole house resounded with the clanging.
20 A few moments later he was in our room, still puffing, still gesticulating, but with so fixed a look of grief and despair in his eyes that our smiles were turned in an instant to horror and pity. 21 For a while he could not get his words out, but swayed his body and plucked at his hair like one who has been driven to the extreme limits of his reason. 22 Then, suddenly springing to his feet, he beat his head against the wall with such force that we both rushed upon him, and tore him away to the centre of the room. 23 Sherlock Holmes pushed him down into the easy-chair, and, sitting beside him, patted his hand, and chatted with him in the easy, soothing tones which he knew so well how to employ.
24 'You have come to me to tell me your story, have you not?' said he. 25 'You are fatigued with your haste. 26 Pray wait until you have recovered yourself, and then I shall be most happy to look into any little problem which you may submit to me.'
27 The man sat for a minute or more with a heaving chest, fighting against his emotion. 28 Then he passed his handkerchief over his brow, set his lips tight, and turned his face towards us.
29 'No doubt you think me mad?' said he.
30 'I see that you have had some great trouble,' responded Holmes.
31 'God knows I have! - a trouble which is enough to unseat my reason, so sudden and so terrible is it. 32 Public disgrace I might have faced, although I am a man whose character has never yet borne a stain. 33 Private affliction also is the lot of every man; but the two coming together, and in so frightful a form, have been enough to shake my very soul. 34 Besides, it is not I alone. 35 The very nobles in the land may suffer, unless some way be found out of this horrible affair.'
36 'Pray compose yourself, sir,' said Holmes, 'and let me have a clear account of who you are, and what it is that has befallen you.'
37 'My name,' answered our visitor, 'is probably familiar to your ears. 38 I am Alexander Holder, of the banking firm of Holder & Stevenson, of Threadneedle Street.'
39 The name was indeed well known to us, as belonging to the senior partner in the second largest private banking concern in the City of London. 40 What could have happened, then, to bring one of the foremost citizens of London to this most pitiable pass? 41 We waited, all curiosity, until with another effort he braced himself to tell his story.
42 'I feel that time is of value,' said he, 'that is why I hastened here when the police inspector suggested that I should secure your co-operation. 43 I came to Baker Street by the Underground, and hurried from there on foot, for the cabs go slowly through this snow. 44 That is why I was so out of breath, for I am a man who takes very little exercise. 45 I feel better now, and I will put the facts before you as shortly and yet as clearly as I can.
46 'It is, of course, well known to you, that in a successful banking business as much depends upon our being able to find remunerative investments for our funds, as upon our increasing our connection and the number of our depositors. 47 One of our most lucrative means of laying out money is in the shape of loans, where the security is unimpeachable. 48 We have done a good deal in this direction during the last few years, and there are many noble families to whom we have advanced large sums upon the security of their pictures, libraries, or plate.
49 'Yesterday morning I was seated in my office at the Bank, when a card was brought in to me by one of the clerks. 50 I started when I saw the name, for it was that of none other than - well, perhaps even to you I had better say no more than that it was a name which is a household word all over the earth - one of the highest, noblest, most exalted names in England. 51 I was overwhelmed by the honour, and attempted, when he entered, to say so, but he plunged at once into business with the air of a man who wishes to hurry quickly through a disagreeable task.
52 '"Mr Holder," said he, "I have been informed that you are in the habit of advancing money."
53 '"The firm do so when the security is good," I answered.
54 '"It is absolutely essential to me," said he, "that I should have fifty thousand pounds at once. 55 I could of course borrow so trifling a sum ten times over from my friends, but I much prefer to make it a matter of business, and to carry out that business myself. 56 In my position you can readily understand that it is unwise to place oneself under obligations."
57 '"For how long, may I ask, do you want this sum?" I asked.
58 '"Next Monday I have a large sum due to me, and I shall then most certainly repay what you advance, with whatever interest you think it right to charge. 59 But it is very essential to me that the money should be paid at once."
60 '"I should be happy to advance it without further parley from my own private purse," said I, "were it not that the strain would be rather more than it could bear. 61 If, on the other hand, I am to do it in the name of the firm, then in justice to my partner I must insist that, even in your case, every business-like precaution should be taken."
62 '"I should much prefer to have it so," said he, raising up a square, black morocco case which he had laid beside his chair. 63 "You have doubtless heard of the Beryl Coronet?"
64 '"One of the most precious public possessions of the Empire," said I.
65 '"Precisely." 66 He opened the case, and there, embedded in soft, flesh-coloured velvet, lay the magnificent piece of jewellery which he had named. 67 "There are thirty-nine enormous beryls," said he, "and the price of the gold chasing is incalculable. 68 The lowest estimate would put the worth of the coronet at double the sum which I have asked I am prepared to leave it with you as my security."
69 'I took the precious case into my hands and looked in some perplexity from it to my illustrious client.
70 '"You doubt its value?" he asked.
71 '"Not at all. 72 I only doubt-"
73 '"The propriety of my leaving it. 74 You may set your mind at rest about that. 75 I should not dream of doing so were it not absolutely certain that I should be able in four days to reclaim it. 76 It is a pure matter of form. 77 Is the security sufficient?"
78 '"Ample."
79 '"You understand, Mr Holder, that I am giving you a strong proof of the confidence which I have in you, founded upon all that I have heard of you. 80 I rely upon you not only to be discreet and to refrain from all gossip upon the matter, but, above all, to preserve this coronet with every possible precaution, because I need not say that a great public scandal would be caused if any harm were to befall it. 81 Any injury to it would be almost as serious as its complete loss, for there are no beryls in the world to match these, and it would be impossible to replace them. 82 I leave it with you, however, with every confidence, and I shall call for it in person on Monday morning."
83 'Seeing that my client was anxious to leave, I said no more; but, calling for my cashier, I ordered him to pay over fifty thousand-pound notes. 84 When I was alone once more, however, with the precious case lying upon the table in front of me, I could not but think with some misgivings of the immense responsibility which it entailed upon me. 85 There could be no doubt that, as it was a national possession, a horrible scandal would ensue if any misfortune should occur to it. 86 I already regretted having ever consented to take charge of it. 87 However, it was too late to alter the matter now, so I locked it up in my private safe, and turned once more to my work.
88 'When evening came, I felt that it would be an imprudence to leave so precious a thing in the office behind me. 89 Bankers' safes had been forced before now, and why should not mine be? 90 If so, how terrible would be the position in which I should find myself? 91 I determined, therefore, that for the next few days I would always carry the case backwards and forwards with me, so that it might never be really out of my reach. 92 With this intention, I called a cab, and drove out to my house at Streatham, carrying the jewel with me. 93 I did not breathe freely until I had taken it upstairs, and locked it in the bureau of my dressing-room.
94 'And now a word as to my household, Mr Holmes, for I wish you to thoroughly understand the situation. 95 My groom and my page sleep out of the house, and may be set aside altogether. 96 I have three maid-servants who have been with me a number of years, and whose absolute reliability is quite above suspicion. 97 Another, Lucy Parr, the second waiting- maid, has only been in my service a few months. 98 She came with an excellent character, however, and has always given me satisfaction. 99 She is a very pretty girl, and has attracted admirers who have occasionally hung about the place. 100 That is the only drawback which we have found to her, but we believe her to be a thoroughly good girl in every way.
101 'So much for the servants. 102 My family itself is so small that it will not take me long to describe it. 103 I am a widower, and have an only son, Arthur. 104 He has been a disappointment to me, Mr Holmes - a grievous disappointment. 105 I have no doubt that I am myself to blame. 106 People tell me that I have spoiled him. 107 Very likely I have. 108 When my dear wife died I felt that he was all I had to love. 109 I could not bear to see the smile Fade even for a moment from his face. 110 I have never denied him a wish. 111 Perhaps it would have been better for both of us had I been sterner, but I meant it for the best.
112 'It was naturally my intention that he should succeed me in my business, but he was not of a business turn. 113 He was wild, wayward, and, to speak the truth, I could not trust him in the handling of large sums of money. 114 When he was young tic became a member of an aristocratic club, and there, having charming manners, he was soon the intimate of a number of men with long purses and expensive habits. 115 He learned to play heavily at cards and to squander money on the turf, until he had again and again to come to me and implore me to give him an advance upon his allowance, that he might settle his debts of honour. 116 He tried more than once to break away from the dangerous company which he was keeping, but each time the influence of his friend Sir George Burnwell was enough to draw him back again.
117 'And, indeed, I could not wonder that such a man as Sir George Burnwell should gain an influence over him, for he has frequently brought him to my house, and I have found myself that I could hardly resist the fascination of his manner. 118 He is older than Arthur, a man of the world to his finger-tips, one who has been everywhere, seen everything, a brilliant talker, and a man of great personal beauty. 119 Yet when I think of him in cold blood, far away from the glamour of his presence, I am convinced from his cynical speech, and the look which I have caught in his eyes, that he is one who should be deeply distrusted. 120 So I think, and so, too, thinks my little Mary, who has a woman's quick insight into character.
121 'And now there is only she to be described. 122 She is my niece; but when my brother died five years ago and left her alone in the world I adopted her, and have looked upon her ever since as my daughter. 123 She is a sunbeam in my house - sweet, loving, beautiful, a wonderful manager and housekeeper, yet as tender and quiet and gentle as a woman could be. 124 She is my right hand. 125 I do not know what I could do without her. 126 In only one matter has she ever gone against my wishes. 127 Twice my boy has asked her to marry him, for he loves her devotedly, but each time she has refused him. 128 I think that if anyone could have drawn him into the right path it would have been she, and that his marriage might have changed his whole life; but now, alas! it is too late - for ever too late!
129 'Now, Mr Holmes, you know the people who live under my roof, and I shall continue with my miserable story.
130 'When we were taking coffee in the drawing-room that night, after dinner, I told Arthur and Mary my experience, and of the precious treasure which we had under our roof, suppressing only the name of my client. 131 Lucy Parr, who had brought in the coffee, had, I am sure, left the room; but I cannot swear that the door was closed. 132 Mary and Arthur were much interested, and wished to see the famous coronet, but I thought it better not to disturb it.
133 '"Where have you put it?" asked Arthur.
134 '"In my own bureau."
135 '"Well, I hope to goodness the house won't be burgled during the night," said he.
136 '"It is locked up," I answered.
137 '"Oh, any old key will fit that bureau. 138 When I was a youngster I have opened it myself with the key of the box-room cupboard."
139 'He often had a wild way of talking, so that I thought little of what he said. 140 He followed me to my room, however, that night with a very grave face.
141 '"Look here, dad," said he, with his eyes cast down. 142 "Can you let me have two hundred pounds?"
143 '"No, I cannot!" I answered sharply. 144 "I have been far too generous with you in money matters."
145 '"You have been very kind," said he; "but I must have this money, or else I can never show my face inside the club again."
146 '"And a very good thing, too!" I cried.
147 '"Yes, but you would not have me leave it a dishonoured man," said he. 148 "I could not bear the disgrace. 149 I must raise the money in some way, and if you will not let me have it, then I must try other means."
150 'I was very angry, for this was the third demand during the month. 151 "You shall not have a farthing from me," I cried, on which he bowed and left the room without another word.
152 'When he was gone I unlocked my bureau, made sure that my treasure was safe, and locked it again. 153 Then I started to go round the house to see that all was secure - a duty which I usually leave to Mary, but which I thought it well to perform myself that night. 154 As I came down the stairs I saw Mary herself at the side window of the hall, which she closed and fastened as I approached.
155 '"Tell me, dad," said she, looking, I thought, a little disturbed, "did you give Lucy, the maid, leave to go out to-night?"
156 '"Certainly not."
157 '"She came in just now by the back door. 158 I have no doubt that she has only been to the side gate to see someone but I think that it is hardly safe, and should be stopped."
159 '"You must speak to her in the morning, or I will, if you prefer it. 160 Are you sure that everything is fastened?"
161 '"Quite sure, dad."
162 '"Then, good-night." 163 I kissed her, and went to my bedroom, where I was soon asleep.
164 'I am endeavouring to tell you everything, Mr Holmes, which may have any bearing upon the case, but I beg that you will question me upon any point which I do not make clear.'
165 'On the contrary, your statement is singularly lucid.'
166 'I come to a part of my story now in which I should wish to be particularly so. 167 I am not a very heavy sleeper, and the anxiety in my mind tended, no doubt, to make me even less so than usual About two in the morning, then, I was awakened by some sound in the house. 168 It had ceased ere I was wide awake, but it had left an impression behind it as though a window had gently closed somewhere. 169 I lay listening with all my ears. 170 Suddenly, to my horror, there was a distinct sound of footsteps moving softly in the next room. 171 I slipped out of bed, all palpitating with fear, and peeped round the corner of my dressing-room door.
172 '"Arthur!" I screamed, "you villain! you thief! 173 How dare you touch that coronet?"
174 The gas was half up, as I had left it, and my unhappy boy, dressed only in his shirt and trousers, was standing beside the light, holding the coronet in his hands. 175 He appeared to be wrenching at it, or bending it with all his strength. 176 At my cry he dropped it from his grasp, and turned as pale as death. 177 I snatched it up and examined it. 178 One of the gold corners, with three of the beryls in it, was missing.
179 '"You blackguard!" I shouted, beside myself with rage. 180 "You have destroyed it! 181 You have dishonoured me for ever! 182 Where are the jewels you have stolen?"
183 '"Stolen!" he cried.
184 '"Yes, you thief!" 185 I roared, shaking him by the shoulder.
186 '"There are none missing. 187 There cannot be any missing," said he.
188 '"There are three missing. 189 And you know where they are. 190 Must I call you a liar as well as a thief? 191 Did I not see you trying to tear off another piece?"
192 '"You have called me names enough," said he; "I will not stand it any longer. 193 I shall not say another word about this business since you have chosen to insult me. 194 I will leave your house in the morning, and make my own way in the world."
195 '"You shall leave it in the hands of the police!" I cried, half mad with grief and rage. 196 "I shall have this matter probed to the bottom."
197 '"You shall learn nothing from me," said he, with a passion such as I should not have thought was in his nature. 198 "If you choose to call the police, let them find what they can."
199 'By this time the whole house was astir, for I had raised my voice in my anger. 200 Mary was the first to rush into my room, and at the sight of the coronet and of Arthur's face, The read the whole story, and, with a scream, fell down senseless on the ground. 201 I sent the housemaid for the police, and put the investigation into their hands at once. 202 When the Inspector and a constable entered the house, Arthur, who had stood sullenly with his arms folded, asked me whether it was my intention to charge him with theft. 203 I answered that it had ceased to be a private matter, but had become a public one, since the ruined coronet was national property. 204 I was determined that the law should have its way in everything.
205 "At least," said he, "you will not have me arrested at once. 206 It would be to your advantage as well as mine if I might leave the house for five minutes."
207 '"That you may get away, or perhaps that you may conceal what you have stolen," said I. 208 And then realizing We dreadful position in which I was placed, I implored him to remember that not only my honour, but that of one who was far greater than I was at stake; and that he threatened to raise a scandal which would convulse the nation. 209 He might avert it all if he would but tell me what he had done with the three missing stones.
210 '"You may as well face the matter," said I; "you have been caught in the act, and no confession could make your guilt more heinous. 211 If you make such reparation as is in your power, by telling us where the beryls are, all shall be forgiven and forgotten."
212 '"Keep your forgiveness for those who ask for it," he answered, turning away from me with a sneer. 213 I saw that he was too hardened for any words of mine to influence him. 214 There was but one way for it. 215 I called in the inspector, and gave him into custody. 216 A search was made at once, not only of his person, but of his room, and of every portion of the house where he could possibly have concealed the gems; but no trace of them could be found, nor would the wretched boy open his mouth for all our persuasions and our threats. 217 This morning he was removed to a cell, and I, after going through all the police formalities, have hurried round to you, to implore you to use your skill in unravelling the matter. 218 The police have openly confessed that they can at present make nothing of it. 219 You may go to any expense which you think necessary. 220 I have already offered a reward of a thousand pounds. 221 My God, what shall I do! 222 I have lost my honour, my gems, and my son in one night. 223 Oh, what shall I do!'
224 He put a hand on either side of his head, and rocked himself to and fro, droning to himself like a child whose grief has got beyond words.
225 Sherlock Holmes sat silent for some minutes, with his brows knitted and his eyes fixed upon the fire.
226 'Do you receive much company?' he asked.
227 'None, save my partner with his family, and an occasional friend of Arthur's. 228 Sir George Burnwell has been several times lately. 229 No one else, I think.'
230 'Do you go out much in society?'
231 'Arthur does. 232 Mary and I stay at home. 233 We neither of us care for it.'
234 'That is unusual in a young girl.'
235 'She is of a quiet nature. 236 Besides, she is not so very young. 237 She is four-and-twenty.'
238 'This matter, from what you say, seems to have been a shock to her also.'
239 'Terrible! 240 She is even more affected than I.'
241 'You have neither of you any doubt as to your son's guilt?'
242 'How can we have, when I saw him with my own eyes with the coronet in his hands?'
243 'I hardly consider that a conclusive proof. 244 Was the remainder of the coronet at all injured?'
245 'Yes, it was twisted.'
246 'Do you not think, then, that he might have been trying to straighten it?'
247 'God bless you! 248 You are doing what you can for him and for me. 249 But it is too heavy a task. 250 What was he doing there at all? 251 If his purpose were innocent, why did he not say so?'
252 'Precisely. 253 And if he were guilty, why did he not invent a lie? 254 His silence appears to me to cut both ways. 255 There are several singular points about the case. 256 What did the police think of the noise which awoke you from your sleep?'
257 'They considered that it might be caused by Arthur's losing his bedroom door.'
258 'A likely story! 259 As if a man bent on felony would slam the door so as to awake a household. 260 What did they say, then, of the disappearance of these gems?'
261 'They are still sounding the planking and probing the furniture in the hope of finding them.'
262 'Have they thought of looking outside the house?'
263 'Yes, they have shown extraordinary energy. 264 The whole garden has already been minutely examined.'
265 'Now, my dear sir,' said Holmes, 'is it not obvious to you now that this matter really strikes very much deeper than either you or the police were at first inclined to think? 266 It appeared to you to be a simple case; to me it seems exceedingly complex. 267 Consider what is involved by your theory. 268 You suppose that your son came down from his bed, went, at great risk, to your dressing-room, opened your bureau, took out your coronet, broke off by main force a small portion of it, went off to some other place, concealed three gems out of the thirty-nine, with such skill that nobody can find them, and then returned with the other thirty-six into the room in which he exposed himself to the greatest danger of being discovered. 269 I ask you now, is such a theory tenable?'
270 'But what other is there?' cried the banker with a gesture of despair. 271 'If his motives were innocent, why does he not explain them?'
272 'It is our task to find out,' replied Holmes, 'so now, if you please, Mr Holder, we will set off for Streatham together, and devote an hour to glancing a little more closely into details.'
273 My friend insisted upon my accompanying them in their expedition, which I was eager enough to do, for my curiosity and sympathy were deeply stirred by the story to which we had listened. 274 I confess that the guilt of the banker's son appeared to me to be as obvious as it did to his unhappy father, but still I had such faith in Holmes's judgment that I felt that there must be some grounds for hope as long as he was dissatisfied with the accepted explanation. 275 He hardly spoke a word the whole way out to the southern suburb, but sat with his chin upon his breast, and his hat drawn over his eyes, sunk in the deepest thought. 276 Our client appeared to have taken fresh heart at the little glimpse of hope which had been presented to him, and he even broke into a desultory chat with me over his business affairs. 277 A short railway journey, and a shorter walk, brought us to Fairbank, the modest residence of the great financier. 278 Fairbank was a good-sized square house of white stone, standing back a little from the road. 279 A double carriage sweep, with a snow-clad lawn, stretched down in front to the two large iron gates which closed the entrance. 280 On the right side was a small wooden thicket which led into a narrow path between two neat hedges stretching from the road to the kitchen door, and forming the tradesmen's entrance. 281 On the left ran a lane which led to the stables, and was not itself within the grounds at all, being a public, though little used, thoroughfare. 282 Holmes left us standing at the door, and walked slowly all round the house, across the front, down the tradesmen's path, and so round by the garden behind into the stable lane. 283 So long was he that Mr Holder and I went into the dining-room, and waited by the fire until he should return. 284 We were sitting there in silence when the door opened, and a young lady came in. 285 She was rather above the middle height, slim, with dark hair and eyes, which seemed the darker against the absolute pallor of her skin. 286 I do not think that I have ever seen such deadly paleness in a woman's face. 287 Her lips, too, were bloodless, but her eyes were flushed with crying. 288 As she swept silently into the room she impressed me with a greater sense of her grief than the banker had done in the morning, and it was the more striking in her as she was evidently a woman of strong character, with immense capacity for self-restraint. 289 Disregarding my presence, she went straight to her uncle, and passed her hand over his head with a sweet womanly caress.
290 'You have given orders that Arthur should be liberated, have you not, dad?' she asked.
291 'No, no, my girl, the matter must be probed to the bottom.'
292 'But I am so sure that he is innocent. 293 You know what women's instincts are. 294 I know that he has done no harm, and that you will be sorry for having acted so harshly.'
295 'Why is he silent, then, if he is innocent?'
296 'Who knows? 297 Perhaps because he was so angry that you should suspect him.'
298 'How could I help suspecting him, when I actually saw him with the coronet in his hand?'
299 'Oh, but he had only picked it up to look at it. 300 Oh, do, do take my word for it that he is innocent. 301 Let the matter drop, and say no more. 302 It is so dreadful to think of our dear Arthur in prison!'
303 'I shall never let it drop until the gems are found - never, Mary! 304 Your affection for Arthur blinds you as to the awful consequences to me. 305 Far from hushing the thing up, I have brought a gentleman down from London to inquire more deeply into it.'
306 'This gentleman?' she asked, facing round to me.
307 'No, his friend. 308 He wished us to leave him alone. 309 He is round in the stable lane now.'
310 'The stable lane?' 311 She raised her dark eyebrows. 312 'What can he hope to find there! 313 Ah, this, I suppose, is he. 314 I trust, sir, that you will succeed in proving, what I feel sure is the truth, that my cousin Arthur is innocent of this crime.'
315 'I fully share your opinion, and, I trust with you, that we may prove it,' returned Holmes, going back to the mat to knock the snow from his shoes. 316 'I believe I have the honour of addressing Miss Mary Holder. 317 Might I ask you a question or two?'
318 'Pray do, sir, if it may help, to clear this horrible affair up.'
319 'You heard nothing yourself last night?'
320 'Nothing, until my uncle here began to speak loudly. 321 I heard that, and I came down.'
322 'You shut up the windows and doors the night before. 323 Did you fasten all the windows?'
324 'Yes.'
325 'Were they all fastened this morning?'
326 'Yes.'
327 'You have a maid who has a sweetheart? 328 I think that you remarked to your uncle last night that she had been out to see him?'
329 'Yes, and she was the girl who waited in the drawing- room, and who may have heard uncle's remarks about the coronet.'
330 'I see. 331 You infer that she may have gone out to tell her sweetheart, and that the two may have planned the robbery.'
332 'But what is the good of all these vague theories,' cried the banker, impatiently, 'when I have told you that I saw Arthur with the coronet in his hands?'
333 'Wait a little, Mr Holder. 334 We must come back to that. 335 About this girl, Miss Holder. 336 You saw her return by the kitchen door, I presume?'
337 'Yes; when I went to see if the door was fastened for the night I met her slipping in. 338 I saw the man, too, in the gloom.'
339 'Do you know him?'
340 'Oh, yes; he is the greengrocer who brings our vegetables round. 341 His name is Francis Prosper.'
342 'He stood,' said Holmes, 'to the left of the door - that is to say, further up the path than is necessary to reach the door?'
343 'Yes, he did.'
344 'And he is a man with a wooden leg?'
345 Something like fear sprang up in the young lady's expressive black eyes. 346 'Why, you are like a magician,' said she. 347 'How do you know that?' 348 She smiled, but there was no answering smile in Holmes's thin, eager face.
'I should be very glad now to go upstairs,' said he. 350 'I shall probably wish to go over the outside of the house again. 351 Perhaps I had better take a look at the lower windows before I go up.'
352 He walked swiftly round from one to the other, pausing only at the large one which looked from the hall on to the stable lane. 353 This he opened, and made a very careful examination of the sill with his powerful magnifying lens. 354 Now we shall go upstairs,' said he, at last.
355 The banker's dressing-room was a plainly furnished little chamber with a grey carpet, a large bureau, and a long mirror. 356 Holmes went to the bureau first, and looked hard at the lock.
357 'Which key was used to open it?' he asked.
358 'That which my son himself indicated - that of the cupboard of the lumber-room.'
359 'Have you it here?'
360 'That is it on the dressing-table.'
361 Sherlock Holmes took it up and opened the bureau.
362 'It is a noiseless lock,' said he. 363 'It is no wonder that it did not wake you. 364 This case, I presume, contains the coronet. 365 We must have a look at it.' 366 He opened the case, and, taking out the diadem, he laid it upon the table. 367 It was a magnificent specimen of the jeweller's art, and the thirty-six stones were the finest that I have ever seen. 368 At one side of the coronet was a crooked cracked edge, where a corner holding three gems had been torn away.
369 'Now, Mr Holder,' said Holmes; 'here is the corner which corresponds to that which has been so unfortunately lost. 370 Might I beg that you will break it off.'
371 The banker recoiled in horror. 372 'I should not dream of trying,' said he.
373 'Then I will.' 374 Holmes suddenly bent his strength upon it, but without result. 375 'I feel it give a little,' said he; 'but, though I am exceptionally strong in the fingers, it would take me all my time to break it. 376 An ordinary man could not do it. 377 Now, what do you think would happen if I did break it, Mr Holder? 378 There would be a noise like a pistol shot. 379 Do you tell me that all this happened within a few yards of your bed, and that you heard nothing of it?'
380 'I do not know what to think. 381 It is all dark to me.'
382 'But perhaps it may grow lighter as we go. 383 What do you think, Miss Holder?'
384 'I confess that I still share my uncle's perplexity.'
385 'Your son had no shoes or slippers on when you saw him?'
386 'He had nothing on save only his trousers and shirt.'
387 'Thank you. 388 We have certainly been favoured with extraordinary luck during this inquiry, and it will be entirely our own fault if we do not succeed in clearing the matter up. 389 With your permission, Mr Holder, I shall now continue my investigations outside.'
390 He went alone, at his own request, for he explained that any unnecessary footmarks might make his task more difficult. 391 For an hour or more he was at work, returning at last with his feet heavy with snow and his features as inscrutable as ever.
392 'I think that I have seen now all that there is to see, Mr Holder,' said he; 'I can serve you best by returning to my rooms.'
393 'But the gems, Mr Holmes. 394 Where are they?'
395 'I cannot tell.'
396 The banker wrung his hands. 397 'I shall never see them again!' he cried. 398 'And my son? 399 You give me hopes?'
400 'My opinion is in no way altered.'
401 'Then for God's sake what was this dark business which was acted in my house last night?'
402 'If you can call upon me at my Baker Street rooms tomorrow morning between nine and ten I shall be happy to do what I can to make it clearer. 403 I understand that you give me carte blanche to act for you, provided only that I get back the gems, and that you place no limit on the sum I may draw.'
404 'I would give my fortune to have them back.'
405 'Very good. 406 I shall look into the matter between this and then. 407 Good-bye; it is just possible that I may have to come over here again before evening.'
408 It was obvious to me that my companion's mind was now made up about the case, although what his conclusions were was more than I could even dimly imagine. 409 Several times during our homeward journey I endeavoured to sound him upon that point, but he always glided away to some other topic, until at last I gave it over in despair. 410 It was not yet three when we found ourselves in our room once more. 411 He hurried to his chamber, and was down again in a few minutes dressed as a common loafer. 412 With his collar turned up, his shiny seedy coat, his red cravat, and his worn boots, he was a perfect sample of the class.
413 'I think that this should do,' said he, glancing into the glass above the fireplace. 414 'I only wish that you could come with me, Watson, but I fear that it won't do. 415 I may be on the trail in this matter, or I may be following a will-o'-the-wisp, but I shall soon know which it is. 416 I hope that I may be back in a few hours.' 417 He cut a slice of beef from the joint upon the sideboard, sandwiched it between two rounds of bread, and, thrusting this rude meal into his pocket, he started off upon his expedition.
418 I had just finished my tea when he returned, evidently in excellent spirits, swinging an old elastic-sided boot in his hand. 419 He chucked it down into a corner and helped himself to a cup of tea.
420 'I only looked in as I passed,' said he. 421 'I am going right on.'
422 'Where to?'
423 'Oh, to the other side of the West End. 424 It may be some time before I get back. 425 Don't wait up for me in case I should be late.'
426 'How are you getting on?'
427 'Oh, so so. 428 Nothing to complain of. 429 I have been out to Streatham since I saw you last, but I did not call at the house. 430 It is a very sweet little problem, and I would not have missed it for a good deal. 431 However, I must not sit gossiping here, but must get these disreputable clothes off and return to my highly respectable self.'
432 I could see by his manner that he had stronger reasons for satisfaction than his words alone would imply. 433 His eyes twinkled, and there was even a touch of colour upon his sallow cheeks. 434 He hastened upstairs, and a few minutes later I heard the slam of the hall door, which told me that he was off once more upon his congenial hunt.
435 I waited until midnight, but there was no sign of his return, so I retired to my room. 436 It was no uncommon thing for him to be away for days and nights on end when he was hot upon a scent, so that his lateness caused me no surprise. 437 I do not know at what hour he came in, but when I came down to breakfast in the morning, there he was with a cup of coffee in one hand and the paper in the other, as fresh and trim as possible.
438 'You will excuse my beginning without you, Watson,' said he; 'but you remember that our client has rather an early appointment this morning.'
439 'Why, it is after nine now,' I answered. 440 'I should not be surprised if that were he. 441 I thought I heard a ring.'
442 It was, indeed, our friend the financier. 443 I was shocked by the change which had come over him, for his face, which was naturally of a broad and massive mould, was now pinched and fallen in, while his hair seemed to be at least a shade whiter. 444 He entered with a weariness and lethargy which was even more painful than his violence of the morning before, and he dropped heavily into the armchair which I pushed forward for him.
445 'I do not know what I have done to be so severely tried,' said he. 446 'Only two days ago I was a happy and prosperous man, without a care in the world. 447 Now I am left to a lonely and dishonoured age. 448 One sorrow comes close upon the heels of another. 449 My niece Mary has deserted me.'
450 'Deserted you?'
451 'Yes. 452 Her bed this morning had not been slept in, her room was empty, and a note lay for me upon the hall table. 453 I had said to her last night, in sorrow and not in anger, that if she had married my boy all might have been well with him. 454 Perhaps it was thoughtless of me to say so. 455 It is to that remark that she refers in this note:

456 My Dearest Uncle - I feel that I have brought this trouble upon you, and that if I had acted differently this terrible misfortune might never have occurred. 457 I cannot, with this thought in my mind, ever again be happy under your roof, and I feel that I must leave you for ever. 458 Do not worry about my future, for that is provided for; and, above all, do not search for me, for it will be fruitless labour, and an ill service to me. 459 In life or in death, I am ever your loving,
460 MARY

461 'What could she mean by that note, Mr Holmes? 462 Do you think it points to suicide?'
463 'No, no, nothing of the kind. 464 It is perhaps the best possible solution. 465 I trust, Mr Holder, that you are nearing the end of your troubles.'
466 'Ha! 467 You say so! 468 You have heard something, Mr Holmes: you have learned something! 469 Where are the gems?'
470 'You would not think a thousand pounds apiece an excessive sum for them?'
471 'I would pay ten.'
472 'That would be unnecessary. 473 Three thousand will cover the matter. 474 And there is a little reward, I fancy. 475 Have you your cheque-book? 476 Here is a pen. 477 Better make it out for four thousand pounds.'
478 With a dazed face the banker made out the required cheque. 479 Holmes walked over to his desk, took out a little triangular piece of gold with three gems in it, and threw it down upon the table.
480 With a shriek of joy our client clutched it up.
481 'You have it?' he gasped. 482 'I am saved! 483 I am saved!'
484 The reaction of joy was as passionate as his grief had been, and he hugged his recovered gems to his bosom.
485 'There is one other thing you owe, Mr Holder,' said Sherlock Holmes, rather sternly.
486 'Owe!' 487 He caught up a pen. 488 'Name the sum, and I will pay it.'
489 'No, the debt is not to me. 490 You owe a very humble apology to that noble lad, your son, who has carried himself in this matter as I should be proud to see my own son do, should I ever chance to have one.'
491 'Then it was not Arthur who took them?'
492 'I told you yesterday, and I repeat to-day, that it was not.'
493 'You are sure of it! 494 Then let us hurry to him at once, to let him know that the truth is known.'
495 'He knows it already. 496 When I had cleared it all up I had an interview with him, and, finding that he would not tell me the story, I told it to him, on which he had to confess that I was right, and to add the very few details which were not yet quite clear to me. 497 Your news of this morning, however, may open his lips.'
498 'For Heaven's sake, tell me, then, what is this extraordinary mystery!'
499 'I will do so, and I will show you the steps by which I reached it. 500 And let me say to you, first, what it is hardest for me to say and for you to hear. 501 There has been an understanding between Sir George Burnwell and your niece, Mary. 502 They have now fled together.'
503 'My Mary? 504 Impossible!'
505 'It is, unfortunately, more than possible; it is certain. 506 Neither you nor your son knew the true character of this man when you admitted him into your family circle. 507 He is one of the most dangerous men in England - a ruined gambler, an absolutely desperate villain; a man without heart or conscience. 508 Your niece knew nothing of such men.
509 When he breathed his vows to her, as he had done to a hundred before her, she flattered herself that she alone had touched his heart. 510 The devil knows best what he said, but at last she became his tool, and was in the habit of seeing him nearly every evening.'
511 'I cannot, and I will not, believe it!' cried the banker with an ashen face.
512 'I will tell you, then, what occured in your house that night. 513 Your niece, when you had, as she thought, gone to your room, slipped down and talked to her lover through the window which leads into the stable lane. 514 His footmarks had pressed right through the snow, so long had he stood there. 515 She told him of the coronet. 516 His wicked lust for gold kindled at the news, and he bent her to his will. 517 I have no doubt that she loved you, but there are women in whom the love of a lover extinguishes all other loves, and I think that she must have been one. 518 She had hardly listened to his instructions when she saw you coming downstairs, on which she closed the window rapidly, and told you about one of the servants' escapade with her wooden-legged lover, which was all perfectly true.
519 'Your boy, Arthur, went to bed after his interview with you, but he slept badly on account of his uneasiness about his club debts. 520 In the middle of the night he heard a soft tread pass his door, so he rose, and looking out, was surprised to see his cousin walking very stealthily along the passage, until she disappeared into your dressing-room. 521 Petrified with astonishment the lad slipped on some clothes, and waited there in the dark to see what would come of this strange affair. 522 Presently she emerged from the room again, and in the light of the passage lamp your son saw that she carried the precious coronet in her hands. 523 She passed down the stairs, and he, thrilling with horror, ran along and slipped behind the curtain near your door, whence he could see what passed in the hall beneath. 524 He saw her stealthily open the window, hand out the coronet to someone in the gloom, and then closing it once more hurry back to her room, passing quite close to where he stood hid behind the curtain.
525 'As long as she was on the scene he could not take any action without a horrible exposure of the woman whom he loved. 526 But the instant she was gone he realized how crushing a misfortune this would be for you, and how all-important it was to set it right. 527 He rushed down, just as he was, in his bare feet, opened the window, sprang out into the snow, and ran down the lane, where he could see a dark figure in the moonlight. 528 Sir George Burnwell tried to get away, but Arthur caught him, and there was a struggle between them, your lad tugging at one side of the coronet, and his opponent at the other. 529 In the scuffle, your son struck Sir George, and cut him over the eye. 530 Then something suddenly snapped, and your son, finding that he had the coronet in his hands, rushed back, closed the window, ascended to your room, and had just observed that the coronet had been twisted in the struggle, and was endeavouring to straighten it, when you appeared upon the scene.'
531 'Is it possible?' gasped the banker.
532 'You then roused his anger by calling him names at a moment when he felt that he had deserved your warmest thanks. 533 He could not explain the true state of affairs without betraying the one who certainly deserved little enough consideration at his hands. 534 He took the more chivalrous view, however, and preserved her secret.'
535 'And that was why she shrieked and fainted when she saw the coronet,' cried Mr Holder. 536 'Oh, my God! what a blind fool I have been. 537 And his asking to be allowed to go out for five minutes! 538 The dear fellow wanted to see if the missing piece were at the scene of the struggle. 539 How cruelly I have misjudged him!'
540 'When I arrived at the house,' continued Holmes, 'I at once went very carefully round it to observe if there were any traces in the snow which might help me. 541 I knew that none had fallen since the evening before, and also that there had been a strong frost to preserve impressions. 542 I passed along the tradesmen's path, but found it all trampled down and indistinguishable. 543 Just beyond it, however, at the far side of the kitchen door, a woman had stood and talked with a man, whose round impression on one side showed that he had a wooden leg. 544 I could even tell that they had been disturbed, for the woman had run back swiftly to the door, as was shown by the deep toe and light heel-marks, while Wooden-leg had waited a little, and then had gone away. 545 I thought at the time that this might be the maid and her sweet-heart, of whom you had already spoken to me, and inquiry showed it was so. 546 I passed round the garden without seeing anything more than random tracks, which I took to be the police; but when I got into the stable lane a very long and complex story was written in the snow in front of me.
547 'There was a double line of tracks of a booted man, and a second double line which I saw with delight belonged to a man with naked feet. 548 I was at once convinced from what you had told me that the latter was your son. 549 The first had walked both ways, but the other had run swiftly, and, as his tread was marked in places over the depression of the boot, it was obvious that he had passed after the other. 550 I followed them up, and found that they led to the hall window, where Boots had worn all the snow away while waiting. 551 Then I walked to the other end, which was a hundred yards or more down the lane. 552 I saw where Boots had faced round, where the snow was cut up, as though there had been a struggle, and, finally, where a few drops of blood had fallen, to show me that I was not mistaken. 553 Boots had then run down the lane, and another little smudge of blood showed that it was he who had been hurt. 554 When he came to the high-road at the other end, I found that the pavement had been cleared, so there was an end to that clue.
555 'On entering the house, however, I examined, as you remember, the sill and framework of the hall window with my lens, and I could at once see that someone had passed out. 556 I could distinguish the outline of an instep where the wet foot had been placed in coming in. 557 I was then beginning to be able to form an opinion as to what had occurred. 558 A man had waited outside the window, someone had brought him the gems; the deed had been overseen by your son, he had pursued the thief, had struggled with him, they had each tugged at the coronet, their united strength causing injuries which neither alone could have effected. 559 He had returned with the prize, but had left a fragment in the grasp of his opponent. 560 So far I was clear. 561 The question now was, who was the man, and who was it brought him the coronet?
562 'It is an old maxim of mine that when you have excluded the impossible, whatever remains, however improbable, must be the truth. 563 Now, I knew that it was not you who had brought it down, so there only remained your niece and the maids. 564 But if it were the maids, why should your son allow himself to be accused in their place? 565 There could be no possible reason. 566 As he loved his cousin, however, there was an excellent explanation why he should retain her secret - the more so as the secret was a disgraceful one. 567 When I remembered that you had seen her at that window, and how she had fainted on seeing the coronet again, my conjecture became a certainty.
568 'And who could it be who was her confederate? 569 A lover evidently, for who else could outweigh the love and gratitude which she must feel to you? 570 I knew that you went out little, and that your circle of friends was a very limited one. 571 But among them was Sir George Burnwell. 572 I had heard of him before as being a man of evil reputation among women. 573 It must have been he who wore those boots, and retained the missing gems. 574 Even though he knew that Arthur had discovered him, he might still flatter himself that he was safe, for the lad could not say a word without compromising his own family.
575 'Well, your own good sense will suggest what measures I took next. 576 I went in the shape of a loafer to Sir George's house, managed to pick up an acquaintance with his valet, learned that his master had cut his head the night before, and finally, at the expense of six shillings, made all sure by buying a pair of his cast-off shoes. 577 With those I journeyed down to Streatham, and saw that they exactly fitted the tracks.'
578 'I saw an ill-dressed vagabond in the lane yesterday evening,' said Mr Holder.
579 'Precisely. 580 It was I. 581 I found that I had my man, so I came home and changed my clothes. 582 It was a delicate part which I had to play then, for I saw that a prosecution must be avoided to avert scandal, and I knew that so astute a villain would see that our hands were tied in the matter. 583 I went and saw him. 584 At first, of course, he denied everything. 585 But when I gave him every particular that had occured, he tried to bluster, and took down a life-preserver from the wall. 586 I knew my man, however, and I clapped a pistol to his head before he could strike. 587 Then he became a little more reasonable. 588 I told him that we would give him a price for the stones he held - a thousand pounds apiece. 589 That brought out the first signs of grief he had shown. 590 "Why, dash it all!" said he, "I've let them go at six hundred for the three!" 591 I soon managed to get the address of the receiver who had them, on promising him that there would be no prosecution. 592 Off I set to him, and after much chaffering I got our stones at a thousand apiece. 593 Then I looked in upon your son, told him that all was right, and eventually got to my bed about two o'clock after what I may call a really hard day's work.'
594 'A day which has saved England from a great public scandal,' said the banker, rising. 595 'Sir, I canot find words to thank you. 596 But you shall not find me ungrateful for what you have done. 597 Your skill has indeed exceeded all that I have ever heard of it. 598 And now I must fly to my dear boy to apologize to him for the wrong which I have done him. 599 As to what you tell me of poor Mary, it goes to my heart. 600 Not even your skill can inform me where she is now.'
601 'I think that we may safely say,' returned Holmes, 'that she is wherever Sir George Burnwell is. 602 It is equally certain, too, that whatever her sins are, they will soon receive a more than sufficient punishment.'

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